Search Regions

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                "PMID: 10573006 death in infancy, accessory spleens, hypoplastic left heart, abnormal pulmonary lobulation, renal agenesis (patient 1), severe neonatal seizures (patient 2). PMID 16783566: failure to thrive, life-threatening malformations, and/or critical infections, and all died in infancy (5 weeks, 7 months, and 9 months, respectivelyFrom Genetics Home Reference: short stature, moderate to severe intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and broad thumbs and first toes",
                "610543"
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                "PMID: 18628315 developmental delay, hypotonia, facial dysmorphisms including a long face, a tubular or pear-shaped nose and a bulbous nasal tip, and a friendly/amiable behaviour, other clinically important features include epilepsy, heart defects and kidney/urologic anomalies",
                "610443",
                "PMID: 25217958",
                "Koolen-De Vries syndrome 610443"
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                "diaphragmatic hernia",
                "mild skeletal abnormalities",
                "uterine didelphys",
                "611867",
                "DiGeorge syndrome (DGS)",
                "clinodactyly",
                "velocardiofacial syndrome",
                "ADHD",
                "Goldenhar syndrome",
                "prematurity",
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                "micropephaly",
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                "Seizures",
                "global developmental delay",
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                "macrocephaly, overgrowth and advanced bone age",
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                "PMID 22890013: variable phenotype including developmental delay, ocular coloboma, preauricular tags/pits, cleft palate, skeletal defects, heart defects, urogenital defect, anal defect, hearing loss, clinodactyly of fifth fingers, umbilical hernia, accessory spleen, strabismus, shortening of the fifth finger. PMID 22495764: Inter and intra individual variability of phenotype, mosaic. PMID 11693792: preauricular skin tags and pits, downslanting palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, ectopic anus, hypospadias, and hypoplastic left heart syndrome",
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                "PMID: 10573006 death in infancy, accessory spleens, hypoplastic left heart, abnormal pulmonary lobulation, renal agenesis (patient 1), severe neonatal seizures (patient 2). PMID 16783566: failure to thrive, life-threatening malformations, and/or critical infections, and all died in infancy (5 weeks, 7 months, and 9 months, respectivelyFrom Genetics Home Reference: short stature, moderate to severe intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and broad thumbs and first toes",
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                "version_created": "2018-11-12T13:38:45.089878Z",
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                    "Unexplained skeletal dysplasia"
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                "Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus",
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                    "Neonatal diabetes (diagnosed less than 6 months);Neonatal diabetes;Neonatal diabetes diagnosed <6 months"
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                "Microcephaly, short stature and developmental delay",
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                "PMID: 16963482 idiopathic intellectual disability including moderate to severe intellectual disability, autism/autistic features, microcephaly, structural brain anomalies including cortical dysplasia/pachygyria, renal anomalies (multicystic kidney, hydronephrosis), digital camptodactyly, visual impairment, strabismus, neuromotor deficits, communication and attention impairments, and a distinctive pattern of craniofacial features. Dysmorphic craniofacial features include progressive microcephaly, flat occiput, widened inner canthal distance, small palpebral fissures, ptosis, long and straight eyelashes, broad and high nasal root extending to a widened, prominent nasal tip with elongated, smooth philtrum, rounding of the upper vermillion border and everted lower lips. PMID: 18245392 A 32-year-old, mentally retarded male was referred to our centre for further clinical genetic analysis. He was born to non-consanguineous parents after 42 weeks gestation with a birth weight of 3500 g. He had a healthy older brother. In the neonatal period he was hypotonic and at 8 weeks of age he underwent surgery because of an inguinal hernia with removal of an atrophic right testis. His motor development was severely delayed with sitting at 3.5 years and walking at 5 years of age. Speech was poorly developed, characterised by the usage of only a few words. During infancy an optic nerve hypoplasia was diagnosed, and during childhood he frequently suffered from luxations of the patellae, which required surgery. At the age of 32 years his height is 163 cm (_3 SDS) and head circumference 52.5 cm (_2.5 SDS). He has a narrow receding forehead, widened inner canthal distance of 3.5 cm (90th centile), normal outer canthal distance of 8.5 cm (25th centile), telecanthus, short and down slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, ptosis, long, straight eyelashes, high nasal bridge, low set large ears, flat philtrum, small mouth with high, narrow palate and retrognathia. The thorax is broad with increased internipple distance and slight gynaecomastia. A recent renal ultrasound revealed multiple cysts in the left, dystrophic kidney and two uncomplicated cysts in the enlarged, right kidney. The patient has a normally sized phallus with absent right testis and small left testis. His hands show a simian crease right and tapering fingers with broad proximal interphalangeal joints. He shows sandal gaps on both flat feet with clinodactyly of the fourth and fifth toes (and more)",
                "612513",
                "PMID: 22579565 severe developmental delay, congenital microcephaly, intractable epilepsy, and renal anomalies, as well as a congenital choledochal cyst which has not been previously reported in other patients with this cytogenetic defect"
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            "entity_name": "ISCA-37408-Loss",
            "verbose_name": "2p15p16.1 region (includes BCL11A) Loss",
            "confidence_level": "4",
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            "required_overlap_percentage": 80,
            "type_of_variants": "cnv_loss",
            "publications": [
                "16963482",
                "22579565",
                "18245392"
            ],
            "evidence": [
                "Expert Review Green",
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                "PMID: 16963482 idiopathic intellectual disability including moderate to severe intellectual disability, autism/autistic features, microcephaly, structural brain anomalies including cortical dysplasia/pachygyria, renal anomalies (multicystic kidney, hydronephrosis), digital camptodactyly, visual impairment, strabismus, neuromotor deficits, communication and attention impairments, and a distinctive pattern of craniofacial features. Dysmorphic craniofacial features include progressive microcephaly, flat occiput, widened inner canthal distance, small palpebral fissures, ptosis, long and straight eyelashes, broad and high nasal root extending to a widened, prominent nasal tip with elongated, smooth philtrum, rounding of the upper vermillion border and everted lower lips. PMID: 18245392 A 32-year-old, mentally retarded male was referred to our centre for further clinical genetic analysis. He was born to non-consanguineous parents after 42 weeks gestation with a birth weight of 3500 g. He had a healthy older brother. In the neonatal period he was hypotonic and at 8 weeks of age he underwent surgery because of an inguinal hernia with removal of an atrophic right testis. His motor development was severely delayed with sitting at 3.5 years and walking at 5 years of age. Speech was poorly developed, characterised by the usage of only a few words. During infancy an optic nerve hypoplasia was diagnosed, and during childhood he frequently suffered from luxations of the patellae, which required surgery. At the age of 32 years his height is 163 cm (_3 SDS) and head circumference 52.5 cm (_2.5 SDS). He has a narrow receding forehead, widened inner canthal distance of 3.5 cm (90th centile), normal outer canthal distance of 8.5 cm (25th centile), telecanthus, short and down slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, ptosis, long, straight eyelashes, high nasal bridge, low set large ears, flat philtrum, small mouth with high, narrow palate and retrognathia. The thorax is broad with increased internipple distance and slight gynaecomastia. A recent renal ultrasound revealed multiple cysts in the left, dystrophic kidney and two uncomplicated cysts in the enlarged, right kidney. The patient has a normally sized phallus with absent right testis and small left testis. His hands show a simian crease right and tapering fingers with broad proximal interphalangeal joints. He shows sandal gaps on both flat feet with clinodactyly of the fourth and fifth toes (and more)",
                "612513",
                "PMID: 22579565 severe developmental delay, congenital microcephaly, intractable epilepsy, and renal anomalies, as well as a congenital choledochal cyst which has not been previously reported in other patients with this cytogenetic defect"
            ],
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                "name": "Congenital myopathy",
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                "version_created": "2018-11-16T14:54:27.429440Z",
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                },
                "types": [
                    {
                        "name": "Rare Disease 100K",
                        "slug": "rare-disease-100k",
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                        "name": "GMS Rare Disease",
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                ]
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            "entity_name": "ISCA-37397-Loss",
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                "Expert Review Green",
                "ClinGen"
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                "diaphragmatic hernia",
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                "uterine didelphys",
                "611867",
                "DiGeorge syndrome (DGS)",
                "clinodactyly",
                "velocardiofacial syndrome",
                "ADHD",
                "Goldenhar syndrome",
                "prematurity",
                "developmental delay",
                "micropephaly",
                "cardiovascular defects",
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                "global developmental delay",
                "language delay",
                "prenatal and postnatal growth delay",
                "Hyptonia"
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            "mode_of_inheritance": "MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown",
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                    "severe or profound intellectual disability",
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            "haploinsufficiency_score": "3",
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                ". mild to moderate mental retardation, with only slightly dysmorphic facial features that were similar in most patients: long and narrow face, short philtrum, and high nasal bridge. Autism, gait ataxia, chest wall deformity, and long and tapering fingers were noted in at least 2 of the 6 patients. delayed psychomotor development with mild to moderate mental retardation and/or learning disabilities with speech delay. All had low birth weight, microcephaly, high nasal bridge, and short philtrum, and 3 had clinodactyly of the toes.  primary pulmonary hypertension, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), subvalvular aortic stenosis, and gastroesophageal reflux, and required neonatal intensive care for 57 days after birth due to complications of meconium aspiration. He had mild dysmorphic features, including posteriorly rotated ears, shallow orbits, frontal bossing, prominent nose, long thin lip, and broad face. He also had bilateral sandal gap toes, single palmar creases, and bilateral inguinal hernia. However, he was developmentally normal at age 6 months. delayed psychomotor development with delayed waking and poor motor skills, autism with speech delay, mental retardation, and psychiatric disturbances, including aggression, anxiety, hyperactivity, and bipolar disorder with psychosis in 1. Both had dysmorphic features, including high nasal bridge, asymmetric face, and crowded/dysplastic teeth",
                "1 had micrognathia and epicanthal folds. Both had tapered fingers. 609425",
                "Chromosome 3q29 microdeletion syndrome"
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                "severe epileptic encephalopathy"
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                "612001",
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                "PMID: 16963482 idiopathic intellectual disability including moderate to severe intellectual disability, autism/autistic features, microcephaly, structural brain anomalies including cortical dysplasia/pachygyria, renal anomalies (multicystic kidney, hydronephrosis), digital camptodactyly, visual impairment, strabismus, neuromotor deficits, communication and attention impairments, and a distinctive pattern of craniofacial features. Dysmorphic craniofacial features include progressive microcephaly, flat occiput, widened inner canthal distance, small palpebral fissures, ptosis, long and straight eyelashes, broad and high nasal root extending to a widened, prominent nasal tip with elongated, smooth philtrum, rounding of the upper vermillion border and everted lower lips. PMID: 18245392 A 32-year-old, mentally retarded male was referred to our centre for further clinical genetic analysis. He was born to non-consanguineous parents after 42 weeks gestation with a birth weight of 3500 g. He had a healthy older brother. In the neonatal period he was hypotonic and at 8 weeks of age he underwent surgery because of an inguinal hernia with removal of an atrophic right testis. His motor development was severely delayed with sitting at 3.5 years and walking at 5 years of age. Speech was poorly developed, characterised by the usage of only a few words. During infancy an optic nerve hypoplasia was diagnosed, and during childhood he frequently suffered from luxations of the patellae, which required surgery. At the age of 32 years his height is 163 cm (_3 SDS) and head circumference 52.5 cm (_2.5 SDS). He has a narrow receding forehead, widened inner canthal distance of 3.5 cm (90th centile), normal outer canthal distance of 8.5 cm (25th centile), telecanthus, short and down slanting palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, ptosis, long, straight eyelashes, high nasal bridge, low set large ears, flat philtrum, small mouth with high, narrow palate and retrognathia. The thorax is broad with increased internipple distance and slight gynaecomastia. A recent renal ultrasound revealed multiple cysts in the left, dystrophic kidney and two uncomplicated cysts in the enlarged, right kidney. The patient has a normally sized phallus with absent right testis and small left testis. His hands show a simian crease right and tapering fingers with broad proximal interphalangeal joints. He shows sandal gaps on both flat feet with clinodactyly of the fourth and fifth toes (and more)",
                "612513",
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