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Pain syndromes v1.4 FAAHP1 Louise Daugherty commented on gene: FAAHP1: From HGNC the authors PMID:30929760 specify that they used hg19in their CNV analysis (GRCh37). Looking in GRCh37 annotations in the archived version of Ensembl, gene they call ‘FAAH-OUT’ was not annotated at the time, except as http://feb2014.archive.ensembl.org/Homo_sapiens/Gene/Summary?db=core;g=ENSG00000232022;r=1:46897801-46911193;tl=YL1ImqsrtgZ7MKxn-5146184-727716019. Doing a BLAST search with the FAAH cDNA on GRCh38 in Ensembl 95 detected both FAAH (ENSG00000117480) and a gene now annotated as ENSG00000232022 in the appropriate location of the genome. HGNC named this as FAAHP1 in 2014. FAAH-OUT is an alias for FAAHP1.
Pain syndromes v1.4 FAAHP1 Louise Daugherty gene: FAAHP1 was added
gene: FAAHP1 was added to Pain syndromes. Sources: Literature
Mode of inheritance for gene: FAAHP1 was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Publications for gene: FAAHP1 were set to 30929760
Phenotypes for gene: FAAHP1 were set to Pain insensitivity
Review for gene: FAAHP1 was set to RED
Added comment: FAAH-OUT is an alias for FAAHP1.
From OMIM Habib et al. (2019) PMID: 30929760 identified a heterozygous approximately 8-kb heterozygous microdeletion on chromosome 1, about 4.7 kb downstream of the 3-prime end of the FAAH gene. Molecular cloning identified novel 5-prime exons of an expressed FAAH pseudogene, termed FAAHP1 (FAAH-OUT), that mapped within the microdeletion. The microdeletion removed the promoter and first 2 exons of the neighboring FAAHP1 gene. The authors noted that the deleted region is flanked by ALU sequences, which may predispose it to deletion by unequal crossing over. The affected woman also carried a heterozygous hypomorphic polymorphism in the FAAH gene (P129T; 602935.0001) that reduces FAAH enzyme activity. The patient's son, who exhibited some pain insensitivity, carried the microdeletion but not the hypomorphic FAAH allele. The woman's unaffected mother and daughter did not carry the microdeletion, but both carried the FAAH polymorphism in heterozygous state. The proband had approximately triple the levels of various circulating fatty acid amides normally degraded by FAAH compared with controls who were either homozygous wildtype or heterozygous for the hypomorphic FAAH allele. The authors proposed that the microdeletion affects FAAH function either by removing a regulatory element for FAAH or by reducing expression of FAAH-OUT, which may regulate FAAH epigenetically or function as a microRNA decoy for FAAH. One Colombian male sequenced in the 1000 Genomes Project carried a similar microdeletion, but his pain sensitivity was unknown, and he was homozygous wildtype for the FAAH allele. The case provided new insights into the role of the endocannabinoid system in analgesia.
Sources: Literature