Description
This panel has been created as a placeholder for a new panel in development.

This panel is used for clinical indication 'R352 Mitochondrial DNA maintenance disorder' in the NHS Genomic Medicine Service.

Further information on the testing criteria and any overlapping clinical indications can be found within (https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/national-genomic-test-directories/) under 'R352 Mitochondrial DNA maintenance disorder'.

The content of this panel is overseen by NHS Genomic Medicine Service governance. In addition to the evidence for a gene:disease association, this requires consideration of technical aspects regarding the assay(s) available.

CNVs and STRs may not be routinely included in the analysis where the panel is NOT delivered by WGS. Please contact your Genomic Laboratory Hub for information regarding specific queries.

Some of the genes in this panel cause conditions that typically present in adulthood. Please consider this when applying the panel.


The content of this panel (version 1.0: https://panelapp.genomicsengland.co.uk/api/v1/panels/533/?version=1.0) was signed off under NHS Genomic Medicine Service governance on (31/07/2019).

This panel will continue to be curated. New changes will be reflected in an increase to the minor version of the panel and details of these can be viewed in the 'Panel Activity' page. Periodically, these changes will be reviewed by a NHS Genomic Medicine Service evaluation process for the GMS panels.

8 reviewers

  • Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

    Group: other
    Workplace: other

  • Carl Fratter (Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust)

    Group: GeCIP domain
    Workplace: NHS diagnostic lab

  • Richard Scott (Genomics England Curator)

    Group: Other
    Workplace: Other

  • Shamima Rahman (UCL Institute of Child Health)

    Group: GeCIP domain
    Workplace: NHS clinical service

  • Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

    Group: Other
    Workplace: Other

  • Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics)

    Group: Other
    Workplace: Other clinical service

  • Anna de Burca (Genomics England Curator)

    Group: NHS Genomic Medicine Centre
    Workplace: NHS clinical service

  • Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

    Group: Other
    Workplace: Other

27 Entities

27 reviewed, 22 green

List Entity Reviews Mode of inheritance Details
27 Entitiess
Green Green List (high evidence)
ABAT
5 reviews
3 green 1 red
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
AFG3L2
4 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
DGUOK
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 3 (hepatocerebral type), 251880
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal recessive 4, 617070
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
DNA2
4 reviews
3 green
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant 6, 615156
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
DNM2
3 reviews
2 green
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, dominant intermediate B, 606482
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, axonal type 2M, 606482
  • Centronuclear myopathy 1, 160150
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
FBXL4
4 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • MITOCHONDRIAL DNA DEPLETION SYNDROME 13 (ENCEPHALOMYOPATHIC TYPE)
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
MFN2
4 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome
  • Optic atrophy plus
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
MGME1
4 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 11, 615084
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
MPV17
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 6 (hepatocerebral type), 256810
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
OPA1
4 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Optic atrophy 1, 165500
  • Optic atrophy plus syndrome, 125250
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
POLG
4 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type), 203700
  • Mitochondrial recessive ataxia syndrome (includes SANDO and SCAE), 607459
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4B (MNGIE type), 613662
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, autosomal dominant 1, 157640
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia, autosomal recessive 1, 258450
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
POLG2
3 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, NA
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant 4, 610131
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
RNASEH1
4 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal recessive 2
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
RRM2B
3 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • 612075
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 8B (MNGIE type)
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 8A (encephalomyopathic type with renal tubulopathy), 612075
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant 5, 613077
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
SLC25A4
3 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 12A (cardiomyopathic type) AD, 617184
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant 2, 609283
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 12B (cardiomyopathic type) AR, 615418
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
SPG7
4 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
SUCLA2
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 5 (encephalomyopathic with or without methylmalonic aciduria), 612073
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
SUCLG1
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 9 (encephalomyopathic type with methylmalonic aciduria), 245400
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
TK2
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 2 (myopathic type), 609560
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal recessive 3, 617069
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
TOP3A
2 reviews
1 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • ?Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal recessive 5, 618098
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
TWNK
5 reviews
3 green
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 7 (hepatocerebral type), 271245
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia with mitochondrial DNA deletions, autosomal dominant 3, 609286
Tags
Green Green List (high evidence)
TYMP
3 reviews
3 green
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 1 (MNGIE type), 603041
Tags
Amber Amber List (moderate evidence)
TFAM
2 reviews
1 red
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Amber
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • ?Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 15 (hepatocerebral type), 617156
Tags
Red Red List (low evidence)
AGK
4 reviews
2 green 1 red
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • MITOCHONDRIAL DNA DEPLETION SYNDROME 10 (CARDIOMYOPATHIC TYPE), 212350
Tags
Red Red List (low evidence)
ISCA2
4 reviews
2 green 1 red
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome 4, 616370
Tags
Red Red List (low evidence)
SAMHD1
4 reviews
1 green 2 red
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 5, 612952
Tags
Red Red List (low evidence)
SSBP1
3 reviews
1 green 1 red
Unknown
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
  • NHS GMS
Phenotypes
  • No OMIM phenotype
Tags

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