VACTERL-like phenotypesGene: PLVAP
This gene is associated with a relevant phenotype in OMIM but not Gene2Phenotype. It is currently Amber with a recommendation to promote to Green on the Intestinal failure panel (Version 1.36) with the following reviews:
"Diarrhoea-10 is a protein-losing enteropathy characterized by intractable secretory diarrhoea and massive protein loss due to leaky fenestrated capillaries. Features include early-onset anasarca, severe hypoalbuminemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia, as well as electrolyte abnormalities. Some patients exhibit facial dysmorphism and cardiac and renal anomalies. Intrafamilial variability has been observed, and the disease can be severe, with death occurring in infancy in some patients. Four unrelated families reported. Sources: Expert Review
Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics), 5 Jan 2021"
"Comment on publications: PMID: 26207260. Patient is of Afgan descent born to consanguineous parents. Presented at 8 days of life with secretory diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, lethargy, poor feeding, and severe hyponatremia causing seizures. Further examination shows patient had bilateral colobomas, undescended testes, mildly dysplastic kidneys bilaterally, low-set ears, and micrognathia. PMID: 29875123. 2 patients (first cousins) from a Muslim Arab consanguineous kindred presented with anasarca, severe hypoalbuminaemia and hypogammaglobinaemia. PMID: 29661969. Patient is of Turkish descent born to consanguineous parents. Presented with severe haematochezia and moderate anasarca. Other findings: dysmorphism, metabolic acidosis, electrolyte deficiencies, elevated GGT, choroid plexus cysts, iris cysts, ASD, VSD, dilated megaureter with dilated renal pelvis, venous thrombosis. PMID: 31215290. Patient born to consanguineous parents. As well as intestinal phenotypes, she also had dysmorphic features, renal and cardiac phenotypes.
Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator), 12 Apr 2021"
After discussion with the Geomics England Clinical Team it was decided that this gene should also be on this panel.
Created: 4 May 2021, 9:45 a.m.
Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Diarrhoea 10, protein-losing enteropathy type, OMIM:618183
Gene: plvap has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).
gene: PLVAP was added gene: PLVAP was added to VACTERL-like phenotypes. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: PLVAP was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: PLVAP were set to 29875123; 29661969; 26207260; 31215290 Phenotypes for gene: PLVAP were set to Diarrhoea 10, protein-losing enteropathy type, OMIM:618183 Review for gene: PLVAP was set to GREEN