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Severe microcephaly

Gene: SARS

Amber List (moderate evidence)

SARS (seryl-tRNA synthetase)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000031698
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000031698
OMIM: 607529, Gene2Phenotype
SARS is in 4 panels

2 reviews

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: New gene added by Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics). This gene is associated with a phenotype in OMIM and Gene2Phenotype. As there are only 2 cases there is not enough evidence to support a gene-disease association. This gene has been given an Amber rating.
Created: 13 Oct 2021, 1:41 p.m. | Last Modified: 13 Oct 2021, 1:41 p.m.
Panel Version: 3.1356
New gene name is SARS1
Created: 13 Oct 2021, 1:39 p.m. | Last Modified: 13 Oct 2021, 1:39 p.m.
Panel Version: 3.1355

Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics)

I don't know

Summary - 2 unrelated families with overlapping ID phenotype, and supporting in vitro and patient cell assays.

PMID: 28236339 - an Iranian family (distantly related) segregating a homozygous missense (c.514G>A, p.Asp172Asn) with moderate ID, microcephaly, ataxia, speech impairment, and aggressive behaviour. Also, supporting in vitro functional assays demonstrating altered protein function.
PMID: 34570399 - a consanguineous Turkish family segregating a homozygous missense (c.638G>T, p.(Arg213Leu)) with developmental delay, central deafness, cardiomyopathy, and metabolic decompensation during fever leading to death. Also, reduced protein level and enzymatic activity in patient cells.
Sources: Literature
Created: 11 Oct 2021, 9:44 a.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Intellectual disability



Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
  • Literature
  • Expert Review Amber
  • ?Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, ataxia, and seizures, OMIM:617709
watchlist new-gene-name
Clinvar variants
Variants in SARS
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

13 Oct 2021, Gel status: 2

Created, Added New Source, Added Tag, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

gene: SARS was added gene: SARS was added to Severe microcephaly. Sources: Expert Review Amber,Literature watchlist, new-gene-name tags were added to gene: SARS. Mode of inheritance for gene: SARS was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: SARS were set to 28236339; 34570399 Phenotypes for gene: SARS were set to ?Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, ataxia, and seizures, OMIM:617709