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Severe microcephaly

Gene: DNA2

Red List (low evidence)

DNA2 (DNA replication helicase/nuclease 2)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000138346
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000138346
OMIM: 601810, Gene2Phenotype
DNA2 is in 13 panels

3 reviews

Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics)

Green List (high evidence)

Three families described with bi-allelic variants in this gene and a primordial dwarfism/Seckel syndrome phenotype.
Created: 4 Sep 2020, 10:21 a.m. | Last Modified: 4 Sep 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Panel Version: 2.20

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Seckel syndrome 8, MIM#615807


Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

I don't know

As discussed with the GMS Neurology Specialist Test Group webex call 11thJuly 2019: The Specialist Test Group all agreed that there is only enough evidence to rate this gene Red
Created: 29 Jul 2019, 4:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019, 4:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.62

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

Comment when marking as ready: Andrew Jackson (the submitter of the original expert list) confirmed that he considers DNA2 as a candidate gene rather than a clinically confirmed gene for Seckel syndrome. There is only 1 reported allele in OMIM for 2 individuals of the same family.
Created: 3 Jan 2017, 1:57 p.m.
In an 18-year-old uncle and 9-year-old niece, both born of consanguineous marriages with features consistent with Seckel syndrome (SCKL8; OMIM: 615807), Shaheen et al. (PMID:24389050, 2014) identified homozygosity for a 1-bp deletion (c.3372+6delC) in intron 20 of the DNA2 gene, predicted to cause truncation of 1 transcript and abnormal splicing of another 2 transcripts. This is the only recorded variant in OMIM.
Created: 3 Jan 2017, 1:55 p.m.
Created: 3 Jan 2017, 1:53 p.m.

History Filter Activity

29 Jul 2019, Gel status: 1

Added New Source

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

Source NHS GMS was added to DNA2.

2 Mar 2017, Gel status: 1

panel promoted to version 1

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

2nd March 2017: Panel review was assessed and panel was revised according to expert review and additional curation. This panel began with an expert gene list from Professor Andrew Jackson (University of Edinburgh) for primary microcephaly (MCPH) and microcephalic primordial dwarfism (MPD). Other disorders are included where microcephaly is a primary feature. Disorders where microcephaly is not the primary presenting feature are not included (e.g. congenital disorders of glycosylation, Proud syndrome, Norrie disease). The panel does not include disorders with a cortical malformation (e.g. lissencephaly) since the Malformations of cortical development' panel would be applied to these patients.

3 Jan 2017, Gel status: 1

Gene classified by Genomics England curator

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

This gene has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

3 Jan 2017, Gel status: 0


Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

DNA2 was created by rfoulger

3 Jan 2017, Gel status: 0

Added New Source

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

DNA2 was added to Primary Microcephaly - Microcephalic Dwarfism Spectrumpanel. Sources: Other