Date Panel Item Activity
2 actions
Albinism or congenital nystagmus v1.25 TYR Arina Puzriakova Added comment: Comment on mode of inheritance: Should be updated from 'both mono- and biallelic' to 'biallelic' only at the next GMS panel update.

Biallelic variants are associated with oculocutaneous albinism. Many cases have been reported in literature (ClinGen Definitive gene-disease classification) and therefore this is appropriate for inclusion on this panel.

SNPs in TYR have been found to influence hair, eye and skin pigmentation and some studies have demonstrated an increased susceptibility to cutaneous melanoma due to certain sequence variants. There is some evidence suggesting ocular albinism may result from digenic inheritance of a TYR SNP (R402Q) alongside a heterozygous variant in the MITF gene. However, neither of these scenarios are within the remit of this panel and therefore should not be included.
Albinism or congenital nystagmus v0.2 MITF Ellen McDonagh gene: MITF was added
gene: MITF was added to Albinism or congenital nystagmus. Sources: Expert Review Red
Mode of inheritance for gene: MITF was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown
Phenotypes for gene: MITF were set to Tietz Syndrome (TIETZS), Waardenburg Syndrome Type 2A (WS2A); Waardenburg syndrome/ocular albinism, digenic,103470; Waardenburg Syndrome Type 2 with Ocular Albinism (WS2-OA)