Epileptic encephalopathyGene: HMGCL
Added from Intellectual disability panel update as this gene is also relevant to the Epileptic encephalopathy panel. This is a Confirmed disease gene in Developmental Disorders Genotype-Phenotype Database (DDG2P) for 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency. Grunert (2017) PMID: 28583327 reviewed the clinical presentation and outcome in a series of 37 patients with HMGCLD. 10 had no further metabolic decompensations after diagnosis, and 22 had at least one more metabolic crisis, most often associated with infections, especially gastroenteritis or respiratory tract infections. Half of the patients had normal cognitive development, and the remainder had psychomotor deficits of variable severity.
18 Dec 2017, 4:15 p.m.
Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
HMG-CoA lyase deficiency, 246450; 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency; HMGCLD
This gene has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).
HMGCL was added to Epileptic encephalopathy panel. Sources: Other
HMGCL was created by Louise Daugherty