Optic neuropathy

Gene: SLC44A1

Green List (high evidence)

SLC44A1 (solute carrier family 44 member 1)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000070214
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000070214
OMIM: 606105, Gene2Phenotype
SLC44A1 is in 3 panels

2 reviews

Achchuthan Shanmugasundram (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

The rating of this gene has been updated to Green following NHS Genomic Medicine Service approval.
Created: 30 Jan 2023, 1:02 p.m. | Last Modified: 30 Jan 2023, 1:02 p.m.
Panel Version: 3.7

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

Comment on list classification: There is sufficient evidence to rate this gene Green at the next GMS panel update - at least 3 unrelated families reported with distinct SLC44A1 variants and this neurodegenerative disorder, including optic nerve atrophy (PMID: 31855247).
Created: 1 Mar 2021, 12:55 p.m. | Last Modified: 1 Mar 2021, 12:55 p.m.
Panel Version: 2.37
Associated with relevant phenotype in OMIM (MIM# 618868), but not yet in Gene2Phenotype.

- PMID: 31855247 (2020) - Four individuals from three families with different homozygous frameshift variants (Asp517Metfs*19, Ser126Metfs*8, and Lys90Metfs*18) in SLC44A1. Clinical features in all affected individuals included progressive ataxia, tremor, cognitive decline, bilateral optic nerve atrophy, dysarthria, as well as urinary and bowel incontinence. Brain MRI demonstrated cerebellar atrophy and leukoencephalopathy. Functional studies indicate choline transporter deficiency as the underlying pathological mechanism.
Sources: Literature
Created: 1 Mar 2021, 12:53 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Phenotypes
Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, OMIM:618868; Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, MONDO:0030028

Publications

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • NHS GMS
  • Expert Review Green
  • Literature
Phenotypes
  • Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, OMIM:618868
  • Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, MONDO:0030028
OMIM
606105
Clinvar variants
Variants in SLC44A1
Penetrance
None
Publications
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

30 Jan 2023, Gel status: 3

Removed Tag

Achchuthan Shanmugasundram (Genomics England Curator)

Tag Q2_21_rating was removed from gene: SLC44A1.

30 Jan 2023, Gel status: 3

Added New Source, Added New Source, Status Update

Achchuthan Shanmugasundram (Genomics England Curator)

Source Expert Review Green was added to SLC44A1. Source NHS GMS was added to SLC44A1. Rating Changed from Amber List (moderate evidence) to Green List (high evidence)

1 Mar 2021, Gel status: 2

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: slc44a1 has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).

1 Mar 2021, Gel status: 1

Created, Added New Source, Added Tag, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

gene: SLC44A1 was added gene: SLC44A1 was added to Optic neuropathy. Sources: Literature Q2_21_rating tags were added to gene: SLC44A1. Mode of inheritance for gene: SLC44A1 was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: SLC44A1 were set to 31855247 Phenotypes for gene: SLC44A1 were set to Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, OMIM:618868; Neurodegeneration, childhood-onset, with ataxia, tremor, optic atrophy, and cognitive decline, MONDO:0030028 Review for gene: SLC44A1 was set to GREEN