Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection

Gene: COL1A2

Red List (low evidence)

COL1A2 (collagen type I alpha 2 chain)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000164692
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000164692
OMIM: 120160, Gene2Phenotype
COL1A2 is in 10 panels

8 reviews

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Red List (low evidence)

Submitted on behalf of the GMS Cardiology specialist group. The group has agreed that this gene should be Red on this panel.
Created: 18 Nov 2019, 4:33 p.m. | Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019, 4:33 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.35

Alison Callaway (Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratory, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust)

I don't know

On Wessex aortopathy panel; to date, no pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants have been detected in cases referred for this panel.
Associated with EDS (arthrochalasia type) OMIM #617821 and OI (OMIM #166210, 259420, 166220) and recessive EDS (cardiac valvular type)
Created: 29 Aug 2019, 2:16 p.m. | Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.5

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice

Rebecca Whittington (South West GLH)

Red List (low evidence)

617821 AD Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, arthrochalasia type - no cardiac involvement; 225320 AR Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular type - aortic/mitral valve insufficiency
Created: 25 Mar 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Schwarze et al 2004 Am J Hum Genet 74:917 PMID:15077201 identified truncating variants - splice variants affecting +/-1 position (compound heterozygous) and nonsense (homozygous) that lead to disease through NMD.
Created: 25 Mar 2019, 4:27 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Nick Camm (NHS)

Green List (high evidence)

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

COL1A2 is on this panel for syndromic TAAD: patients with syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysm suffer from conditions including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) patients can also present with TAAD as a secondary feature (PMID:10523481).
Created: 29 Jun 2017, 11:35 a.m.

Caroline Wright (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on mode of inheritance: AD on OMIM
Created: 19 Feb 2016, 2:48 p.m.
Comment when marking as ready: Definite disease-causing gene, with phenotype overlapping Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Disease
Created: 19 Feb 2016, 2:40 p.m.

Matina Prapa (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

Borderline aortic root dilatations described in the valvular type of EDS.
Created: 12 Feb 2016, 11:14 a.m.

Phenotypes
#225320- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular form; #130060- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type VIIB

Publications

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

I don't know

Comment on list classification: Demoted from Amber to Red, after confirmation with the GMS Cardiology specialist disease group in a meeting in July 2019 that EDS genes should not be included, except vascular EDS (the COL3A1 should remain Green).
Created: 30 Aug 2019, 10:08 a.m. | Last Modified: 30 Aug 2019, 10:08 a.m.
Panel Version: 0.6
This gene was part of an initial gene list collated by Matthew Edwards Royal Brompton Hospital sent 16th Jan 2019 on behalf of the London South GLH for review by the GMS Cardiology Specialist Group. Only gene symbol from the Royal Brompton gene panel was provided - suggested initial gene rating and evidence for inclusion not provided with the list.
Created: 20 Feb 2019, 2:17 p.m.
Not on the Inherited Cardiac Condition Genes panel for Familial aortic anuerysm reported in: Development of a Comprehensive Sequencing Assay for Inherited Cardiac Condition Genes, Pua et al, Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, online Feb 2016 (doi:10.​1007/​s12265-016-9673-5). The panel contains disease-causing, putatively pathogenic, research and phenocopy genes.
Created: 19 Feb 2016, 10:54 a.m.
Comment on phenotypes: Sourced from OMIM
Created: 1 Feb 2016, 11:30 a.m.

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
  • South West GLH
  • London South GLH
  • South West GLH
  • London South GLH
Phenotypes
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular form
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type VIIB
OMIM
120160
Clinvar variants
Variants in COL1A2
Penetrance
None
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

30 Aug 2019, Gel status: 1

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: col1a2 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

30 Aug 2019, Gel status: 1

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: col1a2 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

18 Apr 2019, Gel status: 2

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set Phenotypes

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

gene: COL1A2 was added gene: COL1A2 was added to GMS FTAAD placeholder panel. Sources: Expert Review Amber,London South GLH,South West GLH Mode of inheritance for gene: COL1A2 was set to BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Phenotypes for gene: COL1A2 were set to Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular form; Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type VIIB