Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissectionGene: HEY2
Comment on list classification: New gene added by Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics). This gene is not associated with a phenotype in OMIM or Gene2Phenotype. There is not enough evidence to support a gene-disease association. This gene has been given a Red rating.
Created: 16 Apr 2021, 12:28 p.m. | Last Modified: 16 Apr 2021, 12:28 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.5
A very large family affected by CHD and familial thoracic aortic aneurysms. Trio genome sequencing was carried out in an index patient with critical CHD, and family members had either exome or Sanger sequencing. Identified homozygous loss-of-function variant (c.318_319delAG, p.G108*) in HEY2 in 3 individuals in family with critical CHD, whereas the 20 heterozygous carriers show a spectrum of CVDs (CHD and FTAA, but varying expressivity and incomplete penetrance).
Other studies show that knockout of HEY2 in mice results in cardiovascular defects (CVDs), including septal defects, cardiomyopathy, a thin-walled aorta, and valve anomalies.
Created: 1 Feb 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Mode of inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal
congenital heart defects and thoracic aortic aneurysms
Gene: hey2 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).
Phenotypes for gene: HEY2 were changed from congenital heart defects and thoracic aortic aneurysms to congenital heart defects, multiple type, MONDO:0000119; thoracic aortic aneurysm, MONDO:0005396
gene: HEY2 was added gene: HEY2 was added to Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: HEY2 was set to BOTH monoallelic and biallelic (but BIALLELIC mutations cause a more SEVERE disease form), autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: HEY2 were set to 32820247 Phenotypes for gene: HEY2 were set to congenital heart defects and thoracic aortic aneurysms Review for gene: HEY2 was set to RED