Thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection

Gene: ATP7A

Red List (low evidence)

ATP7A (ATPase copper transporting alpha)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000165240
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000165240
OMIM: 300011, Gene2Phenotype
ATP7A is in 21 panels

3 reviews

Rebecca Whittington (South West GLH)

Red List (low evidence)

309400 XLR Menkes disease; 304150 Occipital horn syndrome - some overlap with connective tissue disorders. Disorders of copper metabolism with neurological impariment.
Created: 25 Mar 2019, 4:30 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
X-LINKED: hemizygous mutation in males, biallelic mutations in females

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Not on the Inherited Cardiac Condition Genes panel for Familial aortic anuerysm reported in: Development of a Comprehensive Sequencing Assay for Inherited Cardiac Condition Genes, Pua et al, Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, online Feb 2016 (doi:10.​1007/​s12265-016-9673-5). The panel contains disease-causing, putatively pathogenic, research and phenocopy genes.
Created: 19 Feb 2016, 10:53 a.m.

Matina Prapa (Genomics England Curator)

Menkes disease- despite high frequency of ascending aneurysm formation in the "blotchy" mouse (PMID: 3385878), predominant feature in humans is vascular tortuosity rather than true aneurysm formation with only a few case reports in the literature (brachial artery, PMID: 16939759; iliac artery, PMID: 19522551). In a different study of 95 affected individuals, 4 (4.2%) had major congenital heart defects with no evidence of aortic dilatation on echocardiography (PMID: 22134099). Therefore, there is inadequate information at present linking ATP7A to human thoracic aortic disease.

Occipital horn syndrome- Linked to aneurysm of abdominal vessels, hepatic artery, and splenic artery (PMID: 15981243) but again no evidence of thoracic aortic disease.
Created: 11 Feb 2016, 1:49 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

#309400- Menkes disease; #304150- Occipital horn syndrome; #300489- Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, X-linked 3


History Filter Activity

21 Feb 2019, Gel status: 1

Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Source South West GLH was added to ATP7A. Mode of inheritance for gene ATP7A was changed from to X-LINKED: hemizygous mutation in males, biallelic mutations in females

3 Jul 2015, Gel status: 0

Added New Source

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

ATP7A was added to Familial thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissectionpanel. Sources: Expert list