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Skeletal dysplasia

Gene: TGDS

Red List (low evidence)

TGDS (TDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratase)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000088451
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000088451
OMIM: 616146, Gene2Phenotype
TGDS is in 7 panels

2 reviews

Tracy Lester (Genetics laboratory, Oxford UK)

Green List (high evidence)

Brachydactylies (with extraskeletal manifestations) gp of SD - >3 cases; Review on behalf of Tracy Lester/Michael Oldridge
Created: 6 Mar 2019, 11:44 a.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Catel-Manzke syndrome 616145

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

I don't know

Comment on list classification: Leaving red for now. Associated with Catel-Manzke syndrome. Mainly limb phenotype.
Created: 11 Dec 2019, 6:13 p.m. | Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019, 6:13 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.289
Associated with Catel-Manzke syndrome #616145 (AR) in OMIM.

PMID: 25480037 - Ehmke et al 2014 - Catel-Manzke syndrome is characterized by Pierre Robin sequence and a unique form of bilateral hyperphalangy causing a clinodactyly of the index finger. They identified homozygous and compound heterozygous mutations in TGDS in seven unrelated individuals with typical Catel-Manzke syndrome by exome sequencing. Six different TGDS mutations were detected: c.892A>G (p.Asn298Asp), c.270_271del (p.Lys91Asnfs(∗)22), c.298G>T (p.Ala100Ser), c.294T>G (p.Phe98Leu), c.269A>G (p.Glu90Gly), and c.700T>C (p.Tyr234His), all predicted to be disease causing. By using haplotype reconstruction they showed that the mutation c.298G>T is probably a founder mutation. 1 patient showed short toes, short humeri, short femora, 3 had clinodactyly V and 1 had brachymetacarpia and scoliosis.

PMID: 26366375 - Pferdehirt et al 2015 - describe a 12-month-old male with molecularly confirmed Catel-Manzke syndrome who presented with Pierre Robin sequence (but without cleft palate) and hyperphalangy. This patient is on the severe end of the phenotypic spectrum, presenting with respiratory complications and failure to thrive. He has a homozygous p.Ala100Ser pathogenic variant. Both parents are heterozygous for this variant.

PMID: 28422407 - Schoner et al 2017 - report on a fetus with severe heart defect, nuchal edema, talipes, Pierre-Robin sequence, and bilateral deviation and clinodactyly of the index and middle fingers. Postmortem radiographs showed hypoplasia and V-shaped displacement of the second and third proximal phalanges of both hands as well as hypoplasia of the first metatarsals and the phalangeal bones of the halluces. Two compound heterozygous mutations in TGDS were found: c.298G>T; p.(Ala100Ser) and c.895G>A; p.(Asp299Asn), located in the predicted substrate binding site of TGDS. Analyses of the parents’ blood DNA confirmed biparental inheritance.
Created: 20 Nov 2019, 11:43 a.m. | Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.242
This gene was part of an initial gene list collated by Tracy Lester, Oxford Medical Genetics Laboratories, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, February 2019 on behalf of the GMS Musculoskeletal Specialist Group; Gene symbol submitted: TGDS; Initial rating suggestion: green
Created: 6 Mar 2019, 11:37 a.m.


Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
  • Expert Review Red
  • Catel-Manzke syndrome 616145
Clinvar variants
Variants in TGDS
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

11 Dec 2019, Gel status: 1

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: tgds has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

21 Nov 2019, Gel status: 1

Set publications

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

Publications for gene: TGDS were set to

21 Nov 2019, Gel status: 1

Set mode of inheritance

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

Mode of inheritance for gene: TGDS was changed from to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

6 May 2019, Gel status: 1

Set Phenotypes

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

Added phenotypes Catel-Manzke syndrome 616145 for gene: TGDS

6 Mar 2019, Gel status: 1

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

gene: TGDS was added gene: TGDS was added to Skeletal dysplasia. Sources: NHS GMS Mode of inheritance for gene: TGDS was set to