Genes in panel
STRs in panel
Prev Next

Early onset or syndromic epilepsy

Gene: KCNH1

Green List (high evidence)

KCNH1 (potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 1)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000143473
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000143473
OMIM: 603305, Gene2Phenotype
KCNH1 is in 7 panels

1 review

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

The rating of this gene has been updated to Green following NHS Genomic Medicine Service approval.
Created: 1 Feb 2023, 9:39 a.m. | Last Modified: 1 Feb 2023, 9:39 a.m.
Panel Version: 3.29
Comment on list classification: Sufficient number of unrelated cases (>3) of epilepsy in patients with variants in the KCNH1 gene. Inclusion on this panel would be of particular benefit to individuals without typical gingival and/or nail anomalies and only mild developmental delays - who may not be tested under other panels (e.g. Limb disorders, ID) and thus may otherwise be missed in analysis.
Created: 15 Apr 2021, 12:12 p.m. | Last Modified: 15 Apr 2021, 12:12 p.m.
Panel Version: 2.323
Well-established cause of Temple-Baraitser syndrome (MIM #611816) and Zimmermann-Laband syndrome (MIM #135500) characterised by ID with or without epilepsy, hypertrichosis and distinctive features such as gingival hyperplasia and nail hypoplasia/aplasia. Overall, sufficient number of cases with epilepsy to rate Green on this panel (PMIDs: 18203178; 20009591; 20683999; 21626675; 23994350; 25420144)

- PMID: 33811134 (2021) - 7 patients with de novo KCNH1 variants presenting mild/moderate to severe DD/ID, but without any distinctive features of TBS/ZLS such as gingival hyperplasia and nail anomalies. Four patients had epilepsy starting in infancy, with generalised tonic–clonic (4/4), myoclonic (2/4), focal motor (2/4) and tonic (1/4) seizures. One patient experienced status epilepticus. Epilepsy was pharmacoresponsive in all individuals. This study provides evidence of KCNH-related encephalopathy even without the presence of other extra-neurological symptoms that are typically associated with pathogenic variants in this gene.
Sources: Literature
Created: 15 Apr 2021, noon

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Phenotypes
Temple-Baraitser syndrome, OMIM:611816; Zimmermann-Laband syndrome 1, OMIM:135500; Intellectual disability; Encephalopathy without features of TBS/ZLS

Publications

Details

Mode of Inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted
Sources
  • NHS GMS
  • Expert Review Green
  • Literature
Phenotypes
  • Temple-Baraitser syndrome, OMIM:611816
  • Zimmermann-Laband syndrome 1, OMIM:135500
  • Intellectual disability
  • Encephalopathy without features of TBS/ZLS
OMIM
603305
Clinvar variants
Variants in KCNH1
Penetrance
None
Publications
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

1 Feb 2023, Gel status: 3

Removed Tag

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Tag Q2_21_rating was removed from gene: KCNH1.

1 Feb 2023, Gel status: 3

Added New Source, Added New Source, Status Update

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Source Expert Review Green was added to KCNH1. Source NHS GMS was added to KCNH1. Rating Changed from Amber List (moderate evidence) to Green List (high evidence)

15 Apr 2021, Gel status: 2

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: kcnh1 has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).

15 Apr 2021, Gel status: 1

Created, Added New Source, Added Tag, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

gene: KCNH1 was added gene: KCNH1 was added to Genetic epilepsy syndromes. Sources: Literature Q2_21_rating tags were added to gene: KCNH1. Mode of inheritance for gene: KCNH1 was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted Publications for gene: KCNH1 were set to 18203178; 20009591; 20683999; 21626675; 23994350; 25420144; 33811134 Phenotypes for gene: KCNH1 were set to Temple-Baraitser syndrome, OMIM:611816; Zimmermann-Laband syndrome 1, OMIM:135500; Intellectual disability; Encephalopathy without features of TBS/ZLS Review for gene: KCNH1 was set to GREEN