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Genetic epilepsy syndromes

Gene: TSC2

Green List (high evidence)

TSC2 (TSC complex subunit 2)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000103197
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000103197
OMIM: 191092, Gene2Phenotype
TSC2 is in 27 panels

4 reviews

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

I don't know

Review and rating collated by Tracy Lester (Oxford Medical Genetics Laboratories Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, 2019_02_06) on behalf of Wessex and West Midlands GLH for GMS Neurology specialist test group, for Clinical Indication R59 'Early onset or syndromic epilepsy'. Review contributors: John Taylor and Helen Lord. Suggested gene rating: Green.
Created: 6 Aug 2019, 8:38 p.m. | Last Modified: 6 Aug 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.189

Tracy Lester (Genetics laboratory, Oxford UK)

Green List (high evidence)

AD Tuberous Sclerosis type 2 - multisystem disorder which does include seizures/epilepsy (more than 80% on gene reviews.
Created: 6 Aug 2019, 8:31 p.m. | Last Modified: 6 Aug 2019, 8:31 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.188

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Phenotypes
Tuberous sclerosis-2, 613254

Publications

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: The phenotype of Tuberous sclerosis-2 613254 includes seizures as outlined in OMIM and Gen2Phen. At least 16 monoallelic variants have been reported in cases with Tuberous sclerosis-2 613254. Based on review by Dr Arianna Tucci (Genomics England Clinical Fellow and Curator)
Created: 23 Jul 2018, 12:04 p.m.

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: Made this gene red, as only one reported case in PMID: 28215400, though there is more evidence in TSC1 which is in the same pathway.
Created: 22 Sep 2017, 2:55 p.m.
PMID:19175396 reported sequence alterations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes in lesional brain tissue and blood of Focal cortical dysplasia patients are found in a similar frequency to that of a normal population. A more recent publication (PMID: 28215400) provides evidence for somatic brian mutations in TSC1 and TSC2 to be implicated in FCD2. They took 40 patients who were negative for MTOR mutations, and found candidate causative brain somatic variants in TSC1 or TSC2 in 5 patients (3 different missense variants). In vitro assays provided evidence to show that the mutations induced activation of mTOR kinase by disturbing the formation or function of the TSC1-TSC2 complex. Using in utero CRISPR-Cas9 somatic genome-editing system, a focal cortical disruption of the TSC1-TSC2 complex, encoded by Tsc1 and Tsc2 was reported to cause spontaneous behavioral seizures as well as migration defects and cytomegalic neurons, consistent with the neuropathological phenotype of individuals with FCD2. Two of the 3 variants reported were found at a low frequency in ExAC Browser (1.65x10-5 and 3.34x10-5). One missense was reported in TSC2, in one patient.
Created: 22 Sep 2017, 2:53 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown

Phenotypes
Focal cortical dysplasia, type II, somatic 607341

Publications

Mode of pathogenicity
Other

History Filter Activity

6 Aug 2019, Gel status: 3

Added New Source

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

Source Wessex and West Midlands GLH was added to TSC2.

6 Aug 2019, Gel status: 3

Added New Source

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

Source NHS GMS was added to TSC2.

11 Dec 2018, Gel status: 3

Panel promoted to version 1.0

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Ellen McDonagh: PMID:19175396 reported sequenc

23 Jul 2018, Gel status: 3

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: tsc2 has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).

23 Jul 2018, Gel status: 3

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: tsc2 has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).

23 Jul 2018, Gel status: 3

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: tsc2 has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).

17 Jul 2018, Gel status: 2

Set Phenotypes

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Phenotypes for gene: TSC2 were set to Focal cortical dysplasia, type II, somatic 607341; Tuberous sclerosis-2 613254

17 Jul 2018, Gel status: 2

Set publications

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Publications for gene: TSC2 were set to 28215400; 19175396; 29056246

25 Jun 2018, Gel status: 2

Added New Source

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Expert Review Amber was added to TSC2. Panel: Genetic Epilepsy Syndromes

25 Jun 2018, Gel status: 1

Added New Source

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Victorian Clinical Genetics Services was added to TSC2. Panel: Genetic Epilepsy Syndromes

4 Apr 2018, Gel status: 1

Added New Source

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

TSC2 was added to Genetic Epilepsy Syndromes panel. Sources: Expert Review Red,Literature

4 Apr 2018, Gel status: 1

Created

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

TSC2 was created by Sarah Leigh