Deafness and congenital structural abnormalities

Gene: FGFR2

Green List (high evidence)

FGFR2 (fibroblast growth factor receptor 2)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000066468
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000066468
OMIM: 176943, Gene2Phenotype
FGFR2 is in 21 panels

5 reviews

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Comment when marking as ready: Associated with phenotypes in OMIM and G2P / DD. Numerous variants reported in the relevant phenotypes.
Created: 14 Sep 2016, 9:40 a.m.
Comment on phenotypes: Also associated with Gastric cancer, somatic 613659, Jackson-Weiss syndrome 123150 and Scaphocephaly, maxillary retrusion, and mental retardation 609579
Created: 14 Sep 2016, 9:39 a.m.

Ana Beleza (Bristol Regional Genetics Service)

Green List (high evidence)

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Phenotypes
Antley-Bixler syndrome without genital anomalies or disordered steroidogenesis; Apert syndrome; Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome; Bent bone dysplasia syndrome; Craniofacial-skeletal-dermatologic dysplasia; Craniosynostosis, nonspecific; Crouzon syndrome; Gastric cancer, somatic; Jackson-Weiss syndrome; LADD syndrome; Pfeiffer syndrome; Saethre-Chotzen syndrome; Scaphocephaly and Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly; Scaphocephaly, maxillary retrusion, and mental retardation

Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: Green on the Bilateral Microtia Version 1.10 panel.
Created: 12 Sep 2016, 2:19 p.m.

Jun Shen (Harvard Medical School)

Red List (low evidence)

Mode of inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Phenotypes
#101200:Apert syndrome [Deceleration of linear growth during childhood; Normal birth weight; Normal birth length; Acrobrachycephaly; Turribrachycephaly; Large fontanel; Late-closing fontanel; Megalencephaly; High, broad forehead; Flat face; Midface hypoplasia; Mandibular prognathism; Hearing loss; Chronic otitis media; Abnormal semicircular canals; Shallow orbits; Hypertelorism; Downslanting palpebral fissures; Proptosis; Depressed nasal bridge; Choanal stenosis or atresia; Strabismus; Narrow palate; Cleft palate; Bifid uvula; Malocclusion; Delayed dental eruption; Ventricular septal defect; Overriding aorta; Anomalous tracheal cartilage; Pyloric stenosis; Esophageal atresia; Ectopic anus; Cryptorchidism; Vaginal atresia; Hydronephrosis; Craniosynostosis (coronal); Jugular foraminal stenosis; Cervical vertebrae fusion, usually at C5 to C6; Synostosis of radius and humerus; Fusion of carpal bones, especially capitate and hamate; Symmetric osseous and/or cutaneous syndactyly of hands; Broad distal phalanx of thumb; Polydactyly, preaxial (rare); Polydactyly, postaxial (rare); Symmetric osseous and/or cutaneous syndactyly of feet; Broad distal hallux; Polydactyly, preaxial (rare); Polydactyly, postaxial (rare); Moderate to severe acne; Single nail common to digits 2 to 4; Variable mental retardation; Agenesis of the corpus callosum; Ventriculomegaly; Absent septum pellucidum; Limbic malformations; Chiari I malformation; Low-lying cerebellar tonsils; Posterior fossa arachnoid cyst; Hydrocephalus]; #101400:Saethre-Chotzen syndrome [Short stature; Brachycephaly; Acrocephaly; Flat face; High, flat forehead; Low frontal hairline; Maxillary hypoplasia; Facial asymmetry; Long and prominent ear crus; Small ears; Low-set ears; Apical cartilage deformity; Deafness; Shallow orbits; Hypertelorism; Plagiocephaly (asymmetry of orbits); Strabismus; Buphthalmos; Ptosis; S-shaped blepharoptosis; Lacrimal duct abnormalities; Thin, long, pointed nose; Beaked nose; Narrow palate; Cleft palate; Congenital heart defect; Intracranial hypertension due to multisutural cranial fusion; Late closing fontanelles; Craniosynostosis of coronal, lambdoid, and/or metopic sutures; Acrocephaly; Parietal foramina; Small ilia; Large ischia; Radioulnar synostosis; Mild syndactyly (often 2nd-3rd fingers); Bifid terminal phalanges digits 2 and 3; Absent first metatarsal; Brachydactyly; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Syndactyly (often 3rd-4th toes); Hallux valgus; Increased risk of breast cancer in women]; #101600:Pfeiffer syndrome [Turribrachycephaly; Clover-leaf skull (in some patients); Maxillary hypoplasia; Mandibular prognathism; Shallow orbits; Hypertelorism; Downslanting palpebral fissures; Proptosis; Strabismus; Small nose; Low nasal bridge; Choanal atresia or stenosis; High-arched palate; Dental crowding; Cartilaginous trachea; Laryngo-, tracheo-, bronchomalacia; Craniosynostosis (coronal with or without sagittal suture); Radiohumeral synostosis of elbow; Broad thumb; Partial syndactyly of fingers and toes; Brachymesophalangy of hands and feet; Broad great toe; Occasional mental retardation; Hydrocephalus; Arnold-Chiari malformation]; #123150:Jackson-Weiss syndrome [Midface hypoplasia; Craniosynostosis; Medially deviated, broad great toes; Cutaneous syndactyly of second and third toes; Short, broad metatarsal; Tarsonavicular and calcaneonavicular fusion]; #123500:Crouzon syndrome [Craniosynostosis; Brachycephaly; Frontal bossing; Maxillary hypoplasia; Mandibular prognathism; Conductive hearing loss; Atretic external auditory canals; Optic atrophy; Shallow orbits; Proptosis; Hypertelorism; Strabismus; Exposure conjunctivitis/keratitis; Poor vision; Parrot-like nose; Lateral palatal swellings; Dental crowding; Sleep apnea; Craniosynostosis (coronal, sagittal, lambdoid sutures); Calcification of stylohyoid ligament; Cervical spine abnormalities; Mental retardation, occasional; Seizures; Frequent headaches]; #123790:Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome [Normal intrauterine growth; Midface hypoplasia; Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears; Preauricular skin furrows; Hypertelorism; Proptosis; Downslanting palpebral fissures; Choanal atresia; Choanal stenosis; Narrow palate; Respiratory distress; Prominent umbilical stump; Anteriorly placed anus; Bifid scrotum; Prominent scrotal raphe; Rugose labia majora; Craniosynostosis; Cloverleaf skull; Limited elbow extension; Cutis gyrata; Acanthosis nigricans; Cutaneous and mucosal skin tags; Furrowed palms and soles; Small nails; Hydrocephalus; Agenesis of the corpus callosum; Developmental delay]; #149730:LADD syndrome [Broad forehead; Simple, cup-shaped ears; Hearing loss, mixed conductive-sensorineural; Alacrima (dry eye syndrome); Nasolacrimal duct obstruction; Aplastic/hypoplastic lacrimal puncta; Aplastic/hypoplastic lacrimal glands; Hypertelorism; Telecanthus; Downslanting palpebral fissures; Dacryocystitis; Partially reduced visually acuity; Recurrent corneal ulcerations; Corneal perforation; Limbal stem cell deficiency; Corneal sensitivity impairment (hypesthesia); Absent Stensen duct; Absent parotid gland; Dry mouth; Oral candidiasis; Hypodontia; Peg-shaped incisors; Enamel hypoplasia; Delayed eruption of primary teeth; Dental caries, severe; Coronal hypospadias; Renal agenesis; Nephrosclerosis; Short radius; Short ulna; Preaxial polydactyly; Digitalized thumb; Triphalangeal thumb; Thenar muscle hypoplasia; Syndactyly, 2-3 finger; Clinodactyly, 3,5 finger; Bifid thumb; Broad halluces; Syndactyly, 2-3, 3-4 toe]; #207410:Antley-Bixler syndrome without genital anomalies or disordered steroidogenesis [Brachycephaly; Large anterior fontanelle; Frontal bossing; Midface hypoplasia; Long philtrum; Dysplastic ears; Stenotic external auditory canals; Proptosis; Depressed nasal bridge; Choanal atresia or choanal stenosis; Atrial septal defect; Upper airway obstruction; Narrow chest; Craniosynostosis, coronal and lambdoidal; Narrow pelvis; Radiohumeral synostosis; Femoral bowing; Neonatal femoral fractures; Ulnar bowing; Joint contractures; Arachnodactyly; Camptodactyly; Rocker-bottom feet; Variable mental retardation; Hydrocephalus]; #609579:Scaphocephaly, maxillary retrusion, and mental retardation [; <omim version=1.0>; <clinicalSynopsisList>]; #613659:Gastric cancer, somatic [; <omim version=1.0>; <clinicalSynopsisList>]; #614592:Bent bone dysplasia syndrome [Open metopic suture; Midface hypoplasia; Micrognathia; Low-set ears; Overfolded superior helix; Deficient auricle; Hypertelorism; Megalophthalmos; Gingival hyperplasia; Prenatal teeth; Bell-shaped thorax; Hypoplastic clavicles; Decreased mineralization of inferior margin of scapula; Hepatosplenomegaly (rare); Hepatosplenomegaly (rare); Clitoromegaly; Diminished mineralization of the calvarium; Coronal craniosynostosis; Narrow acetabular roof; Narrowed ischia; Decreased mineralization of pubis; Bending of long bones to varying degrees, particularly femora; Prominent periosteum; Brachydactyly; Areas of periosteal reaction; Areas of deficient ossification; Hirsutism; Hepatosplenomegaly, with extramedullary hematopoiesis (rare)]; #:Scaphocephaly and Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly [<html><head><title>Apache Tomcat/8.0.30 - Error report; H1H2H3BODYBPAA.name.line; <h1>HTTP Status 400 - Failed to handle the request, exception: 'java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A mim number is required to get a clinical synopsis.'.; <b>type; <b>message; Failed to handle the request, exception: 'java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A mim number is required to get a clinical synopsis.'.; <b>description; The request sent by the client was syntactically incorrect.; <h3>Apache Tomcat/8.0.30]

Publications

Maria Bitner-Glindzicz (UCL)

Green List (high evidence)

MIM 149730
Created: 3 Feb 2016, 4:58 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Phenotypes
Causes LADD syndrome (lacrimo auriculo dento digital); syndromic features

Publications

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Green
  • Illumina TruGenome Clinical Sequencing Services
  • UKGTN
  • Emory Genetics Laboratory
  • Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen
  • Expert list
Phenotypes
  • Bilateral Microtia
  • Antley-Bixler syndrome without genital anomalies or disordered steroidogenesis 207410
  • Apert syndrome 101200
  • Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome 123790
  • Bent bone dysplasia syndrome 614592
  • Craniofacial-skeletal-dermatologic dysplasia, Pfeiffer syndrome 101600
  • Crouzon syndrome 123500
  • LADD syndrome
OMIM
176943
Clinvar variants
Variants in FGFR2
Penetrance
Complete
Publications
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

26 Oct 2016, Gel status: 4

panel promoted to version 1

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

26th Oct 2016: the panels Bilateral microtia version 1.10, Ear malformations with hearing impairment version 0.105, and familial hemifacial microsomia version 0.149 gene panels were combined to create this panel. The panel was revised due to expert review, further curation of evidence and internal clinical evaluation. Ready for promotion to version 1.

14 Oct 2016, Gel status: 4

Gene classified by Genomics England curator

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

This gene has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).

5 Oct 2016, Gel status: 4

Set Mode of Inheritance, Added New Source

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

FGFR2 was added to Deafness and congenital structural abnormalitiespanel. Source: Emory Genetics Laboratory FGFR2 was added to Deafness and congenital structural abnormalitiespanel. Source: Illumina TruGenome Clinical Sequencing Services FGFR2 was added to Deafness and congenital structural abnormalitiespanel. Source: Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen FGFR2 was added to Deafness and congenital structural abnormalitiespanel. Source: UKGTN Model of inheritance for gene FGFR2 was set to BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

5 Oct 2016, Gel status: 0

Created

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

FGFR2 was created by sleigh

5 Oct 2016, Gel status: 4

Added New Source

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

FGFR2 was added to Deafness and congenital structural abnormalitiespanel. Sources: Expert list,Expert Review Green