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Retinal disorders

Gene: SPTLC2

Red List (low evidence)

SPTLC2 (serine palmitoyltransferase long chain base subunit 2)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000100596
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000100596
OMIM: 605713, Gene2Phenotype
SPTLC2 is in 13 panels

2 reviews

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: New gene added by Dmitrijs Rots (RadboudUMC). This gene is associated with a phenotype in OMIM and Gene2Phenotype.

PMID: 31509666 reported on 2 unrelated families (family 1 and 2) and 3 unrelated individuals (patients 1, 2 and 3) who have HSAN1 and have variants in SPTLC1 (2 families and patient 1 have the same heterozygous variant C133Y, and patient 2 and 3 have C133W, also heterozygous). Those with the C133Y variant have HSAN1 and macular telangiectasia type 2 and those with C133W variant only have HSAN1 and no eye phenotype. The authors note that patients with C133W both patients were under the age of 50 and had been treated with serine supplementation.

Affected members of family 3 was diagnosed with HSAN1C and were heterozygous for S384F in SPTLC2 and macular telangiectasia type 2.

As there is only one case, there is not enough evidence to support a gene-disease association. This gene has been given a Red rating.
Created: 28 Sep 2021, 10:42 a.m. | Last Modified: 28 Sep 2021, 10:42 a.m.
Panel Version: 2.213

Dmitrijs Rots (RadboudUMC)

Green List (high evidence)

Common feature of HSAN1 macular telangiectasia type 2 and identified in two families with primarily diagnosed macular telangiectasia type 2 in PMID: 31509666.
Sources: Literature
Created: 26 Sep 2021, 2:50 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted

Phenotypes
macular telangiectasia type 2; vision loss; neuropathy

Publications

History Filter Activity

28 Sep 2021, Gel status: 1

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: sptlc2 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

28 Sep 2021, Gel status: 0

Set publications

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Publications for gene: SPTLC2 were set to PMID: 31509666

26 Sep 2021, Gel status: 0

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes, Set penetrance

Dmitrijs Rots (RadboudUMC)

gene: SPTLC2 was added gene: SPTLC2 was added to Retinal disorders. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: SPTLC2 was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, NOT imprinted Publications for gene: SPTLC2 were set to PMID: 31509666 Phenotypes for gene: SPTLC2 were set to macular telangiectasia type 2; vision loss; neuropathy Penetrance for gene: SPTLC2 were set to unknown Review for gene: SPTLC2 was set to GREEN