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Primary immunodeficiency

Gene: PI4KA

Green List (high evidence)

PI4KA (phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase alpha)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000241973
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000241973
OMIM: 600286, Gene2Phenotype
PI4KA is in 11 panels

2 reviews

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

The rating of this gene has been updated following NHS Genomic Medicine Service approval.
Created: 8 Mar 2022, 10:59 a.m. | Last Modified: 8 Mar 2022, 10:59 a.m.
Panel Version: 2.532

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

There is enough evidence to support a gene-disease association. This gene should be rated Green at the next review.

Review by Sophie Hambleton (Newcastle University):

"The immunological abnormalities in PI4KA def are obviously rather variable and a slight side-show to the primary GI and neurologic pathology – however that is a detail that should come out when any putative case is reviewed in detail so I would include this as a “CID with associated or syndromic features” on the same basis as TTC7A"
Created: 1 Nov 2021, 8:18 a.m. | Last Modified: 1 Nov 2021, 8:18 a.m.
Panel Version: 2.481
This gene is associated with a relevant phenotype in OMIM and Gene2Phenotype.

PMID: 25855803. From OMIM: "3 fetuses were all diagnosed in utero with multiple congenital anomalies resulting in the termination of pregnancy between 16 and 34 weeks' gestation. All fetuses had bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria and cerebellar hypoplasia or dysplasia. One had a small pons. Additional features included severe talipes equinovarus, externally rotated hips, and variable contractures of the limbs or fingers."

PMID:34415322. 10 patients from 10 unrelated families with biallelic varaints in PI4KA. Patients showed a spectrum of severe global neurodevelopmental delay (8/10 moderate to severe ID), hypomyelination, cerebellar hyoplasia (1/10), cerebellar atrophy (5/10), bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria (1/10), immunological problems (hypogammaglobulinaemia, lymphopaenia, and autoimmune neutorpaenia - 4/10), bowl dysfunction (4/10). Age of onset ranged from newborn to 17 years.

PMID: 34415310. 7 unrelated families. Family 1: Amish. Severe extensive multiple intestinal atresia, IBD and combined immunodeficiency (2/4). Families 3 - 8 all have 1 affected individual, (Turkish, Indian, German and Italian). Global developmental delay (all), ID (severe to mild), cerebellar and/or brainstem anomalies (3/6), spasticity (all), immature gyral pattern (1/6), leukodystrophy (6/6), multiple intestinal atresia (0/6), IBD (3/6), combined immunodeficiency (2/6). Early age of onset.
Created: 1 Sep 2021, 1:47 p.m. | Last Modified: 1 Sep 2021, 1:47 p.m.
Panel Version: 2.230

Publications

History Filter Activity

8 Mar 2022, Gel status: 3

Removed Tag

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Tag Q3_21_rating was removed from gene: PI4KA.

8 Mar 2022, Gel status: 3

Added New Source, Status Update

Arina Puzriakova (Genomics England Curator)

Source Expert Review Green was added to PI4KA. Rating Changed from Amber List (moderate evidence) to Green List (high evidence)

1 Nov 2021, Gel status: 2

Created, Added New Source, Added Tag, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

gene: PI4KA was added gene: PI4KA was added to Primary immunodeficiency. Sources: Expert Review Amber Q3_21_rating tags were added to gene: PI4KA. Mode of inheritance for gene: PI4KA was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: PI4KA were set to 25855803; 34415322; 34415310 Phenotypes for gene: PI4KA were set to Polymicrogyria, perisylvian, with cerebellar hypoplasia and arthrogryposis, OMIM:616531