Intellectual disabilityGene: GSPT2 Red List (low evidence)
Conference poster (Genomics of Rare Disease 2021) - 'Exome-wide NGS analysis within a diagnostic time frame: promise or pitfall' by Abbott et al, University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands (abstract also accepted for poster at ESHG 2021) -
WES revealed a c.872A>G variant in the GSPT2 gene in a patient with severe DD, severe epilepsy, acquired microcephaly, central and obstructive apnea, oedema, and mild aspecific dysmorphic features.
Maintaining Red rating as this is unpublished data, but added a watchlist tag to review possible future evidence of SNVs in disease.
Created: 30 Mar 2021, 1:10 p.m. | Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Panel Version: 3.981
Red List (low evidence)
Comment on list classification: After internal and external review, it was agreed this gene should be demoted from Green to Red
Created: 12 Sep 2018, 1:24 p.m.
In view of recent external expert Green review this gene was reaccessed. Given the current information in the literature, one report of a duplication (as a candidate ID gene) and a microdeletion report (encompassing other genes), probable DD gene for XL intellectual disability, there are also some cases in Decipher but none are confirmed as pathogenic / explain the phenotype in full. As this is currently a Green gene, past onto clinical team for consideration to downgrade gene to Red.
Created: 9 Aug 2018, 1:06 p.m.
Comment on publications: added publications to support association to ID. PMID: 28414775 (2017) reports Xp11.22 deletions encompassing CENPVL1, CENPVL2, MAGED1 and GSPT2 as a cause of syndromic X-linked intellectual disability. PMID: 20655035 (2010) Fine-scale survey of X chromosome copy number variants and indels underlying intellectual disability. They identified pathogenic copy number variants in 10% of families, with mutations ranging from 2 kb to 11 Mb in size. They identified a whole-gene duplication of GSPT2 and confirmed the direct tandem orientation of the duplicated region in one family.
Created: 9 Aug 2018, 12:29 p.m.
I don't know
I can't find published evidence other than micordeletion reports (encompassing other genes) to support the inclusion of this gene
Created: 18 Jun 2018, 6:59 a.m.
Green List (high evidence)
Mode of inheritance
X-LINKED: hemizygous mutation in males, biallelic mutations in females
XL INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY
Green List (high evidence)
Tag watchlist tag was added to gene: GSPT2.
Gene: gspt2 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).
Publications for gene: GSPT2 were set to 28414775; 20655035
12.03.2018: Due to major updates completed (Phase 1, 2 and 3), this panel was promoted to Version 2 in order to reflect the major updates since November 2017 which have resulted in reviews for 836 genes added by Genomics England Curators and the Clinical Team, 130 new Green genes added to the interpretation pipeline (from 751 to 881 Green genes), and the gene total has increased from 1879 to 1927.
The Gel status was updated for this whole panel
The Gel status was updated for this whole panel
GSPT2 was added to Intellectual disabilitypanel. Sources: Expert Review Green
GSPT2 was created by ellenmcdonagh
If promoting or demoting a gene, please provide comments to justify a decision to move it.
Genes included in a Genomics England gene panel for a rare disease category (green list) should fit the criteria A-E outlined below.
These guidelines were developed as a combination of the ClinGen DEFINITIVE evidence for a causal role of the gene in the disease(a), and the Developmental Disorder Genotype-Phenotype (DDG2P) CONFIRMED DD Gene evidence level(b) (please see the original references provided below for full details). These help provide a guideline for expert reviewers when assessing whether a gene should be on the green or the red list of a panel.
A. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing an interpretable functional region(ii) of this gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
B. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing cis-regulatory elements convincingly affecting the expression of a single gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
C. As definitions A or B but in 2 or 3 unrelated cases/families with the phenotype, with the addition of convincing bioinformatic or functional evidence of causation e.g. known inborn error of metabolism with mutation in orthologous gene which is known to have the relevant deficient enzymatic activity in other species; existence of an animal model which recapitulates the human phenotype.
D. Evidence indicates that disease-causing mutations follow a Mendelian pattern of causation appropriate for reporting in a diagnostic setting(iv).
E. No convincing evidence exists or has emerged that contradicts the role of the gene in the specified phenotype.
(i)Plausible disease-causing mutations: Recurrent de novo mutations convincingly affecting gene function. Rare, fully-penetrant mutations - relevant genotype never, or very rarely, seen in controls. (ii) Interpretable functional region: ORF in protein coding genes miRNA stem or loop. (iii) Phenotype: the rare disease category, as described in the eligibility statement. (iv) Intermediate penetrance genes should not be included.
It’s assumed that loss-of-function variants in this gene can cause the disease/phenotype unless an exception to this rule is known. We would like to collect information regarding exceptions. An example exception is the PCSK9 gene, where loss-of-function variants are not relevant for a hypercholesterolemia phenotype as they are associated with increased LDL-cholesterol uptake via LDLR (PMID: 25911073).
If a curated set of known-pathogenic variants is available for this gene-phenotype, please contact us at [email protected]
We classify loss-of-function variants as those with the following Sequence Ontology (SO) terms:
Term descriptions can be found on the PanelApp homepage and Ensembl.
If you are submitting this evaluation on behalf of a clinical laboratory please indicate whether you report variants in this gene as part of your current diagnostic practice by checking the box
Standardised terms were used to represent the gene-disease mode of inheritance, and were mapped to commonly used terms from the different sources. Below each of the terms is described, along with the equivalent commonly-used terms.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, and imprinting has not been implicated.
A variant on the paternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on the maternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease. This is the default used for autosomal dominant mode of inheritance where no knowledge of the imprinting status of the gene required to cause the disease is known. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal dominant, dominant, AD, DOMINANT.
A variant on both alleles of this gene is required to cause the disease. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive, recessive, AR, RECESSIVE.
The disease can be caused by a variant on one or both alleles of this gene. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant, recessive or dominant, AR/AD, AD/AR, DOMINANT/RECESSIVE, RECESSIVE/DOMINANT.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, however a variant on both alleles of this gene can result in a more severe form of the disease/phenotype.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele, whereas a variant on both X-chromosome alleles is required to cause the disease in females. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: X-linked recessive.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele. A variant on one allele of this gene may also cause the disease in females, though the disease/phenotype may be less severe and may have a later-onset than is seen in males. X-linked inactivation and mosaicism in different tissues complicate whether a female presents with the disease, and can change over their lifetime. This term is the default setting used for X-linked genes, where it is not known definitately whether females require a variant on each allele of this gene in order to be affected. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: X-linked dominant, x-linked, X-LINKED, X-linked.
The gene is in the mitochondrial genome and variants within this can cause this disease, maternally inherited. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: Mitochondrial.
Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: Unknown, NA, information not provided.
For example, if the mode of inheritance is digenic, please indicate this in the comments and which other gene is involved.