Intellectual disabilityGene: TELO2 Green List (high evidence)
Comment on list classification: TELO2 was added to the ID panel by Konstantinos Varvagiannis, and rated Green. Updated rating from Grey to Green based on the evidence Konstantinos provides. In summary, PMID:27132593 (You et al., 2016) report six individuals from 4 families with syndromic ID and compound het variants in TELO2. PMID:28944240 (Moosa et al., 2017) report a family with two sisters harbouring compound het TEL02 variants and with dysmorphic features. The surviving sister had severe ID and global DD in addition to the dysmorphism. Therefore sufficient cases to support association with You-Hoover-Fong syndrome (MIM:616954), which has a spectrum of phenotypes but includes intellectual disability as a consistent feature.
Created: 13 May 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Green List (high evidence)
Biallelic mutations in TELO2 cause You-Hoover-Fong syndrome (MIM 616954). //
PMID: 27132593 reports on 6 patients (from 4 non-consanguineous families) with biallelic TELO2 variants and a similar phenotype.
Intellectual disability and microcephaly were universal features (6/6). Abnormal hearing (3/6), cortical visual impairment (3/6), abnormality of the cardiovascular system (3/6), behavioral problems (laughter outbursts in 3/6) and abnormal balance and movement disorder (6/6) were part of the phenotype. One individual had seizures.
5 missense variants and a complex allele with a stopgain variant localized in cis with a splice-site variant (NM_016111.3:c.514C>T or p.Gln172* in cis with c.2034+1G>A) are reported.
Functional studies support pathogenicity of the missense variants (reduced protein steady-state levels of TELO2 as well as TTI1 and TTI2 - the 2 other members of the TTT complex) suggesting loss of function.
PMID: 28944240 reports on 2 sisters born to non-consanguineous parents. Both were compound heterozygous for 2 novel variants, a missense and a frameshift one. Severe microcephaly (-8.5 SD and -10.7 SD) and seizures were noted in both. The first sister passed away at the age of 2 months due to a respiratory infection. The other sister demonstrated a compatible, though much more severe phenotype (ID and microcephaly) with additional features (dwarfism, renal anomalies, retinitis pigmentosa, etc) compared to previously reported patients. //
Biallelic mutations in TTI2 (of the same complex) lead to similar phenotypes (gene rated green in the ID panel). //
TELO2 is included in gene panels for intellectual disability offered by different diagnostic laboratories. //
As a result this gene can be considered for inclusion in this panel as green.
Sources: Literature, Expert Review
Created: 25 Nov 2018, 4:29 p.m.
Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
You-Hoover-Fong syndrome, MIM 616954
Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice
Gene: telo2 has been classified as Green List (High Evidence).
Phenotypes for gene: TELO2 were changed from You-Hoover-Fong syndrome, MIM 616954 to You-Hoover-Fong syndrome, 616954, syndromic intellectual disability
gene: TELO2 was added gene: TELO2 was added to Intellectual disability. Sources: Literature,Expert Review Mode of inheritance for gene: TELO2 was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: TELO2 were set to 27132593; 28944240 Phenotypes for gene: TELO2 were set to You-Hoover-Fong syndrome, MIM 616954 Penetrance for gene: TELO2 were set to Complete Review for gene: TELO2 was set to GREEN gene: TELO2 was marked as current diagnostic
If promoting or demoting a gene, please provide comments to justify a decision to move it.
Genes included in a Genomics England gene panel for a rare disease category (green list) should fit the criteria A-E outlined below.
These guidelines were developed as a combination of the ClinGen DEFINITIVE evidence for a causal role of the gene in the disease(a), and the Developmental Disorder Genotype-Phenotype (DDG2P) CONFIRMED DD Gene evidence level(b) (please see the original references provided below for full details). These help provide a guideline for expert reviewers when assessing whether a gene should be on the green or the red list of a panel.
A. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing an interpretable functional region(ii) of this gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
B. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing cis-regulatory elements convincingly affecting the expression of a single gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
C. As definitions A or B but in 2 or 3 unrelated cases/families with the phenotype, with the addition of convincing bioinformatic or functional evidence of causation e.g. known inborn error of metabolism with mutation in orthologous gene which is known to have the relevant deficient enzymatic activity in other species; existence of an animal model which recapitulates the human phenotype.
D. Evidence indicates that disease-causing mutations follow a Mendelian pattern of causation appropriate for reporting in a diagnostic setting(iv).
E. No convincing evidence exists or has emerged that contradicts the role of the gene in the specified phenotype.
(i)Plausible disease-causing mutations: Recurrent de novo mutations convincingly affecting gene function. Rare, fully-penetrant mutations - relevant genotype never, or very rarely, seen in controls. (ii) Interpretable functional region: ORF in protein coding genes miRNA stem or loop. (iii) Phenotype: the rare disease category, as described in the eligibility statement. (iv) Intermediate penetrance genes should not be included.
It’s assumed that loss-of-function variants in this gene can cause the disease/phenotype unless an exception to this rule is known. We would like to collect information regarding exceptions. An example exception is the PCSK9 gene, where loss-of-function variants are not relevant for a hypercholesterolemia phenotype as they are associated with increased LDL-cholesterol uptake via LDLR (PMID: 25911073).
If a curated set of known-pathogenic variants is available for this gene-phenotype, please contact us at [email protected]
We classify loss-of-function variants as those with the following Sequence Ontology (SO) terms:
Term descriptions can be found on the PanelApp homepage and Ensembl.
If you are submitting this evaluation on behalf of a clinical laboratory please indicate whether you report variants in this gene as part of your current diagnostic practice by checking the box
Standardised terms were used to represent the gene-disease mode of inheritance, and were mapped to commonly used terms from the different sources. Below each of the terms is described, along with the equivalent commonly-used terms.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, and imprinting has not been implicated.
A variant on the paternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on the maternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease. This is the default used for autosomal dominant mode of inheritance where no knowledge of the imprinting status of the gene required to cause the disease is known. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal dominant, dominant, AD, DOMINANT.
A variant on both alleles of this gene is required to cause the disease. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive, recessive, AR, RECESSIVE.
The disease can be caused by a variant on one or both alleles of this gene. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant, recessive or dominant, AR/AD, AD/AR, DOMINANT/RECESSIVE, RECESSIVE/DOMINANT.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, however a variant on both alleles of this gene can result in a more severe form of the disease/phenotype.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele, whereas a variant on both X-chromosome alleles is required to cause the disease in females. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: X-linked recessive.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele. A variant on one allele of this gene may also cause the disease in females, though the disease/phenotype may be less severe and may have a later-onset than is seen in males. X-linked inactivation and mosaicism in different tissues complicate whether a female presents with the disease, and can change over their lifetime. This term is the default setting used for X-linked genes, where it is not known definitately whether females require a variant on each allele of this gene in order to be affected. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: X-linked dominant, x-linked, X-LINKED, X-linked.
The gene is in the mitochondrial genome and variants within this can cause this disease, maternally inherited. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: Mitochondrial.
Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: Unknown, NA, information not provided.
For example, if the mode of inheritance is digenic, please indicate this in the comments and which other gene is involved.