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Intellectual disability

Gene: STAT1

Amber List (moderate evidence)

STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000115415
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000115415
OMIM: 600555, Gene2Phenotype
STAT1 is in 10 panels

4 reviews

Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics)

Red List (low evidence)

ID is not part of the phenotype.
Created: 29 Feb 2020, 2:33 a.m. | Last Modified: 29 Feb 2020, 2:33 a.m.
Panel Version: 3.3

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

I don't know

Toubiana et al. (PMID: 27114460) study 274 patients with heterozygous gain-of-function mutations in STAT1. Cognitive disability was a feature in 8/274, which - as commented by the authors - is slightly higher than the frequency in the general population.

There seems to be no other report on DD/ID as a feature of the STAT1-related phenotypes in the literature.

STAT1 is not commonly included in gene panels for intellectual disability.

It is not included in the DD panel of G2P.

As a result, this gene should probably remain amber in this panel.
Created: 18 Dec 2018, 1:37 a.m.

Publications

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

Green List (high evidence)

This is a pertinent gene from the NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases Study (NIHRBR-RD) BRIDGE Study : SPEED (Specialist Pathology: Evaluating Exomes in Diagnostics) which covers epilepsies, movement and microcephaly disorders, this gene is on the SPEED_NEURO_20170705 gene list. Evidences used for SPEED NEURO gene list: in_ddg2p_20141118_conf;in_ddg2p_20141118_conf;in_ddg2p_201507;in_ddg2p_201507_conf;in_ddg2p_2_4_2017;in_ddg2p_2_4_2017_conf;in_UKGTN_v12 . Main mutation mechanism : Loss of function; All missense/in frame
Created: 27 Jul 2017, 8:35 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Publications

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: This gene is from an expert list and needs further assessment by the Genomics England curation team to access inclusion and pertinence to this panel.
Created: 28 Jul 2017, 4:38 p.m.
Comment on list classification: This gene is from an expert list and needs further assessment by the Genomics England curation team to access inclusion and pertinence to this panel.
Created: 28 Jul 2017, 4:19 p.m.

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Amber
Phenotypes
  • Immunodeficiency 31A, mycobacteriosis, autosomal dominant, 614892
  • Immunodeficiency 31B, mycobacterial and viral infections, autosomal recessive, 613796
  • Immunodeficiency 31C, autosomal dominant, 614162
OMIM
600555
Clinvar variants
Variants in STAT1
Penetrance
Complete
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

12 Mar 2018, Gel status: 2

Panel promoted to version 2.0

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

12.03.2018: Due to major updates completed (Phase 1, 2 and 3), this panel was promoted to Version 2 in order to reflect the major updates since November 2017 which have resulted in reviews for 836 genes added by Genomics England Curators and the Clinical Team, 130 new Green genes added to the interpretation pipeline (from 751 to 881 Green genes), and the gene total has increased from 1879 to 1927.

28 Jul 2017, Gel status: 2

Gene classified by Genomics England curator

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

This gene has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).

28 Jul 2017, Gel status: 2

Gene classified by Genomics England curator

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

This gene has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).

27 Jul 2017, Gel status: 0

Created

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

STAT1 was created by BRIDGE

27 Jul 2017, Gel status: 0

Added New Source

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

STAT1 was added to Intellectual disabilitypanel. Sources: BRIDGE study SPEED NEURO Tier1 Gene