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Intellectual disability

Gene: ATP8B1

Amber List (moderate evidence)

ATP8B1 (ATPase phospholipid transporting 8B1)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000081923
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000081923
OMIM: 602397, Gene2Phenotype
ATP8B1 is in 10 panels

4 reviews

Zornitza Stark (Australian Genomics)

Red List (low evidence)

ID is not part of the phenotype.
Created: 29 Jan 2020, 9:19 a.m. | Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020, 9:19 a.m.
Panel Version: 3.0

Mode of inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Phenotypes
Cholestasis, benign recurrent intrahepatic, MIM# 243300, Cholestasis, intrahepatic, of pregnancy, 1, MIM#147480; Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 1, MIM# 211600

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

Red List (low evidence)

I could not find any evidence that ATP8B1 deficiency is associated with DD/ID.

Kinsley et al. (2014 - PMID: 20301474) review the spectrum of the disorder. DD/ID is not among the features and not mentioned among extrahepatic manifestations. The only possibly relevant complication is vitamin E deficiency which can lead to neurologic manifestations (but not of this type).

Bull and Thompson (2018 - PMID: 30266155) also provide a review. DD/ID is not a feature, nor is it included in extrahepatic manifestations.

This was similarly the case in a previous review on PFIC1 by Paulusma et al. (2010 - PMID: 20422494).

The only potentially relevant article (Li et al. - PMID: 26382629) comments on the possibility of congenital hypothyroidism which seemed to be the case for 3 of 13 patients with ATP8B1 deficiency (2 further out of 13 had sub-clinical hypothyroidism). For the 3 individuals with primary hypothyroidism TSH and free thyroxine measurements were available at the ages of 2, 0 and 3 months. Among these patients however, one did not show biparental inheritance of the ATP8B1 variants as expected (both of maternal origin). For the 2 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism TSH was measured at the ages of 3 and 16 months. The authors suggest that congenital hypoparathyroidism - which in turn may affect cognitive development - may be a manifestation of ATP8B1 deficiency and as a result thyroid function should be monitored in these patients. [However testing for congenital hypothyroidism is commonly part of the newborn screening].

The ATP8B1-related phenotypes in OMIM include the following:
- Cholestasis, benign recurrent intrahepatic, MIM 243300 (AR)
- Cholestasis, intrahepatic, of pregnancy, 1, MIM 147480 (AD)
- Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 1, MIM 211600 (AR)

In G2P this gene is included in the DD panel, associated with ATP8B1-Related intrahepatic cholestasis.

ATP8B1 is not commonly included in gene panels for intellectual disability although this seems to be the case for few laboratories.

As a result, this gene could possibly be demoted to red.
Created: 17 Dec 2018, 8:58 a.m.

Publications

Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

Green List (high evidence)

This is a pertinent gene from the NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases Study (NIHRBR-RD) BRIDGE Study : SPEED (Specialist Pathology: Evaluating Exomes in Diagnostics) which covers epilepsies, movement and microcephaly disorders, this gene is on the SPEED_NEURO_20170705 gene list. Evidences used for SPEED NEURO gene list: in_ddg2p_20141118_conf;in_ddg2p_20141118_conf;in_ddg2p_201507;in_ddg2p_201507_conf;in_ddg2p_2_4_2017;in_ddg2p_2_4_2017_conf;in_UKGTN_v12 . Main mutation mechanism : Loss of function
Created: 27 Jul 2017, 5:08 p.m.
Evidences key, gene present in following gene lists and main mutation mechanism : ddg2p_20141118; ddg2p_20141118_conf; ddg2p_201507; ddg2p_201507_conf; UKGTN_v12; neuro_20160418_strict; Loss of function. This is a pertinent gene from the BRIDGE Study : SPEED (Specialist Pathology: Evaluating Exomes in Diagnostics) which covers epilepsies, movement and microcephaly disorders, this gene comes from the SPEED_NEURO_v3.0_20170404 gene list. The following experts from the BRIDGE consortium NIHRBR-RD contributed to this panel: - Professor F. Lucy Raymond, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge - Manju Kurian, Paediatric neurologist, Great Ormond Street Hosptial - Keren Carss, NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - Alba Sanchis-Juan, NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - Marie Erwood NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - Louise Daugherty, NIHR BioResource - Rare Diseases, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Created: 19 Jul 2017, 12:02 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Publications

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: This gene is from an expert list and needs further assessment by the Genomics England curation team to access inclusion and pertinence to this panel.
Created: 20 Jul 2017, 9:56 a.m.

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
  • Expert Review Amber
Phenotypes
  • Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 1, 211600
  • Cholestasis, benign recurrent intrahepatic, 243300
  • Cholestasis, intrahepatic, of pregnancy, 1, 147480
OMIM
602397
Clinvar variants
Variants in ATP8B1
Penetrance
Complete
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

12 Mar 2018, Gel status: 2

Panel promoted to version 2.0

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

12.03.2018: Due to major updates completed (Phase 1, 2 and 3), this panel was promoted to Version 2 in order to reflect the major updates since November 2017 which have resulted in reviews for 836 genes added by Genomics England Curators and the Clinical Team, 130 new Green genes added to the interpretation pipeline (from 751 to 881 Green genes), and the gene total has increased from 1879 to 1927.

20 Jul 2017, Gel status: 2

Gene classified by Genomics England curator

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

This gene has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).

19 Jul 2017, Gel status: 0

Added New Source

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

ATP8B1 was added to Intellectual disabilitypanel. Sources: BRIDGE study SPEED NEURO Tier1 Gene

19 Jul 2017, Gel status: 0

Created

BRIDGE consortium (NIHRBR-RD)

ATP8B1 was created by BRIDGE