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Intellectual disability

Gene: TBC1D2B

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TBC1D2B (TBC1 domain family member 2B)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000167202
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000167202
TBC1D2B is in 2 panels

1 review

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

I don't know

Harms et al (2020 - PMID: 32623794) report on 3 unrelated individuals with biallelic pLoF TBC1D2B variants.

Features included cognitive impairment (mild ID in one case, regression at the age of 12y in another, hypotonia and delayed milestones in a third aged 8m), seizures (3/3 - variable age of onset) and/or gingival overgrowth (2/3 - prior to initiation of AEDs). Other findings included behavioral abnormalities, mandibular anomalies, abnormal brain imaging and ophthalmologic or (rarely) audiometric evaluations.

All were born to non-consanguineous couples and additional investigations were performed in some.

Variants were identified by WES or trio WGS, with Sanger confirmation/compatible segregation analyses.

In line with the pLoF variants, mRNA studies in fibroblasts from 2 unrelated affected individuals demonstrated significantly reduced (~80-90%) TBC1C2D mRNA levels compared to controls, restored following cycloheximide treatment. Protein was absent in patient fibroblasts.

TBC-domain containing GTPase activating proteins are known as key regulators of RAB GTPase activity. TBC1D2B was shown to colocalize with RAB5-positive endocytic vesicles. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ko of TBC1D2B in HeLa cells suggested a role in EGF receptor endocytosis and decreased cell viability of TBC1D2B-deficient HeLa cells upon serum deprivation.

Genes encoding other TBC domain-containg GTPase-activating proteins, e.g. TBC1D7 and TBC1D20, TBC1D24 are associated with recessive neurodevelopmental disorders (with ID and/or seizures) and the pathophysiological defect in TBC1D2B-related disorder (deficit in vesicle trafficking and/or cell survival) is proposed to be similar to that of TBC1D24.

Overall this gene can be considered for inclusion with amber/green rating in the ID panel and green in epilepsy panel.
Sources: Literature
Created: 13 Jul 2020, 7:04 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Phenotypes
Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability; Seizures; Gingival overgrowth; Behavioral abnormality; Abnormality of the mandible; Abnormality of brain morphology; Abnormality of the eye; Hearing abnormality

Publications

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
Phenotypes
  • Global developmental delay
  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Gingival overgrowth
  • Behavioral abnormality
  • Abnormality of the mandible
  • Abnormality of brain morphology
  • Abnormality of the eye
  • Hearing abnormality
Clinvar variants
Variants in TBC1D2B
Penetrance
Complete
Publications
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

13 Jul 2020, Gel status: 0

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes, Set penetrance

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

gene: TBC1D2B was added gene: TBC1D2B was added to Intellectual disability. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: TBC1D2B was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: TBC1D2B were set to 32623794 Phenotypes for gene: TBC1D2B were set to Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability; Seizures; Gingival overgrowth; Behavioral abnormality; Abnormality of the mandible; Abnormality of brain morphology; Abnormality of the eye; Hearing abnormality Penetrance for gene: TBC1D2B were set to Complete Review for gene: TBC1D2B was set to AMBER