Genes in panel
Regions in panel
Prev Next

Intellectual disability

Gene: NSF

Red List (low evidence)

NSF (N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor, vesicle fusing ATPase)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000073969
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000073969
OMIM: 601633, Gene2Phenotype
NSF is in 2 panels

2 reviews

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: New gene submitted by expert reviewed. Based on the evidence provided it was decided that there is currently not enough evidence to establish a gene-phenotype association. Therefore, this gene has been given a Red rating.
Created: 26 Nov 2019, 2:58 p.m. | Last Modified: 26 Nov 2019, 2:58 p.m.
Panel Version: 2.1117

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

I don't know

Suzuki et al. (2019 - PMID: 31675180) report on 2 unrelated individuals with de novo missense NSF variants. Overall the phenotype corresponded to an early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. The first patient developed vomiting and tonic seizures immediately after birth, with burst-suppression pattern upon EEG. Trio exome sequencing, followed by Sanger sequencing of proband and parents, revealed a de novo missense variant (NM_006178.3:c.1375G>A / p.Ala459Thr), absent from public databases and predicted in silico to be deleterious (CADD score of 30). The girl died 36 days after birth due to respiratory failure. Another subject, having necessitated mechanical ventilation due to absence of spontaneous respiration after birth, developed myoclonic seizures. EEG showed a burst-suppression pattern. At the age of 3, she was noted to have persistence of seizures and profound ID. Trio exome sequencing identified a missense NSF variant (c.1688C>T / p.Pro563Leu) also confirmed and shown to be de novo by Sanger sequencing. Again the variant was absent from public datasets and had a CADD score of 34. While expression of wt NSF allele in the developing eye of Drosophila had no effect, expression of mutants severely affected eye development - suggesting a dominant negative effect. NSF encodes a homo-hexameric AAA ATPase, which is recruited by SNAPs (Soluble NSF Attachment Proteins) - and the latter by SNAREs (SNAP REceptors) - thus having a role in vesicular transport and membrane fusion. There is currently no associated phenotype in OMIM/G2P. Overall, this gene could be considered for inclusion probably with amber/red rating pending further evidence (eg. additional work-up or alternative causes/explanations not discussed).
Sources: Literature
Created: 11 Nov 2019, 5:36 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown

Phenotypes
Seizures; EEG with burst suppression; Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability

Publications

Mode of pathogenicity
Loss-of-function variants (as defined in pop up message) DO NOT cause this phenotype - please provide details in the comments

Details

Mode of Inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown
Sources
  • Expert Review Red
Phenotypes
  • Seizures
  • EEG with burst suppression
  • Global developmental delay
  • Intellectual disability
OMIM
601633
Clinvar variants
Variants in NSF
Penetrance
unknown
Publications
Mode of Pathogenicity
Loss-of-function variants (as defined in pop up message) DO NOT cause this phenotype - please provide details in the comments
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

26 Nov 2019, Gel status: 1

Entity classified by Genomics England curator

Ivone Leong (Genomics England Curator)

Gene: nsf has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).

11 Nov 2019, Gel status: 0

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes, Set penetrance, Set mode of pathogenicity

Konstantinos Varvagiannis (Other)

gene: NSF was added gene: NSF was added to Intellectual disability. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: NSF was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown Publications for gene: NSF were set to 31675180 Phenotypes for gene: NSF were set to Seizures; EEG with burst suppression; Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability Penetrance for gene: NSF were set to unknown Mode of pathogenicity for gene: NSF was set to Loss-of-function variants (as defined in pop up message) DO NOT cause this phenotype - please provide details in the comments Review for gene: NSF was set to AMBER