Intellectual disabilityGene: RAB11A Amber List (moderate evidence)
Comment on list classification: Expert review provided by Konstantinos Varvagianni on PMID: 29100083 (Hamdan et al.) Four unrelated individuals identified with three different variants found. This case is a little boderline as little clinical information, no functional evidence reported and currently not associated with a phenotype in OMIM. Has been rated at probable in Gene2Phen based on this publication. Therefore rating as Amber and adding to "wachlist".
Created: 30 May 2019, 11:25 a.m. | Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019, 1:54 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.201
I don't know
PMID: 29100083 (Hamdan et al.) is a study on de novo mutations in individuals with developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEE).
One subject from this study was found to harbor a de novo missense RAB11A variant [NM_004663.4:c.244C>T or p.(Arg82Cys)]. This individual presented with epilepsy, developmental regression and severe ID.
In their cohort the authors also identified an additional individual with a de novo missense variant [(c.71A>G or p.(Lys24Arg)] who had moderate ID and abnormal EEG albeit without seizures.
De novo variants in RAB11A had previously been identified in 3 DDD study participants with ID.
The authors obtained clinical details on the 2 individuals with the p.(Ser154Leu) variant [NM_004663.4:c.461C>T]. One of them had moderate ID without seizures while the other had moderate global DD, also without seizures.
A third DDD study participant harbored another missense variant p.(Lys13Asn) [NM_004663.4:c.39A>C] as a de novo occurence. The authors did not manage to obtain clinical details although this patient was reported to have abnormalities of the nervous system in Decipher.
The features of all 4 individuals for whom clinical details were available are summarized in table 7 of the article and extensive information on each one is provided in the supplement.
Previous studies suggest that RAB11A has a role in NTRK2 and AMPA receptor recycling at the post-synaptic membrane of neurons and - as a result - in regulation of synaptic plasticity.
RAB11A is not associated with any phenotype in OMIM.
This gene is included in the DD panel of G2P, associated with epilepsy and intellectual disability (disease confidence: probable).
It is also included in gene panels for ID offered by some diagnostic laboratories.
As a result, it can be considered for inclusion in this panel as amber or possibly green (3 unrelated individuals with ID, 1 further with DD).
Created: 25 Dec 2018, 10:22 p.m.
Mode of inheritance
MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown
Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability
Variants in this GENE are reported as part of current diagnostic practice
Tag watchlist tag was added to gene: RAB11A.
Source Expert Review was added to RAB11A. Source Expert Review Amber was added to RAB11A. Added phenotypes Global developmental delay, Intellectual disability for gene: RAB11A Rating Changed from No List (delete) to Amber List (moderate evidence)
gene: RAB11A was added gene: RAB11A was added to Intellectual disability. Sources: Literature Mode of inheritance for gene: RAB11A was set to MONOALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal, imprinted status unknown Publications for gene: RAB11A were set to 29100083 Phenotypes for gene: RAB11A were set to Global developmental delay; Intellectual disability Penetrance for gene: RAB11A were set to unknown Review for gene: RAB11A was set to AMBER gene: RAB11A was marked as current diagnostic
If promoting or demoting a gene, please provide comments to justify a decision to move it.
Genes included in a Genomics England gene panel for a rare disease category (green list) should fit the criteria A-E outlined below.
These guidelines were developed as a combination of the ClinGen DEFINITIVE evidence for a causal role of the gene in the disease(a), and the Developmental Disorder Genotype-Phenotype (DDG2P) CONFIRMED DD Gene evidence level(b) (please see the original references provided below for full details). These help provide a guideline for expert reviewers when assessing whether a gene should be on the green or the red list of a panel.
A. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing an interpretable functional region(ii) of this gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
B. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing cis-regulatory elements convincingly affecting the expression of a single gene identified in multiple (>3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).
C. As definitions A or B but in 2 or 3 unrelated cases/families with the phenotype, with the addition of convincing bioinformatic or functional evidence of causation e.g. known inborn error of metabolism with mutation in orthologous gene which is known to have the relevant deficient enzymatic activity in other species; existence of an animal model which recapitulates the human phenotype.
D. Evidence indicates that disease-causing mutations follow a Mendelian pattern of causation appropriate for reporting in a diagnostic setting(iv).
E. No convincing evidence exists or has emerged that contradicts the role of the gene in the specified phenotype.
(i)Plausible disease-causing mutations: Recurrent de novo mutations convincingly affecting gene function. Rare, fully-penetrant mutations - relevant genotype never, or very rarely, seen in controls. (ii) Interpretable functional region: ORF in protein coding genes miRNA stem or loop. (iii) Phenotype: the rare disease category, as described in the eligibility statement. (iv) Intermediate penetrance genes should not be included.
It’s assumed that loss-of-function variants in this gene can cause the disease/phenotype unless an exception to this rule is known. We would like to collect information regarding exceptions. An example exception is the PCSK9 gene, where loss-of-function variants are not relevant for a hypercholesterolemia phenotype as they are associated with increased LDL-cholesterol uptake via LDLR (PMID: 25911073).
If a curated set of known-pathogenic variants is available for this gene-phenotype, please contact us at [email protected]
We classify loss-of-function variants as those with the following Sequence Ontology (SO) terms:
Term descriptions can be found on the PanelApp homepage and Ensembl.
If you are submitting this evaluation on behalf of a clinical laboratory please indicate whether you report variants in this gene as part of your current diagnostic practice by checking the box
Standardised terms were used to represent the gene-disease mode of inheritance, and were mapped to commonly used terms from the different sources. Below each of the terms is described, along with the equivalent commonly-used terms.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, and imprinting has not been implicated.
A variant on the paternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on the maternally-inherited allele of this gene can cause the disease, if the alternate allele is imprinted (function muted).
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease. This is the default used for autosomal dominant mode of inheritance where no knowledge of the imprinting status of the gene required to cause the disease is known. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal dominant, dominant, AD, DOMINANT.
A variant on both alleles of this gene is required to cause the disease. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive, recessive, AR, RECESSIVE.
The disease can be caused by a variant on one or both alleles of this gene. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant, recessive or dominant, AR/AD, AD/AR, DOMINANT/RECESSIVE, RECESSIVE/DOMINANT.
A variant on one allele of this gene can cause the disease, however a variant on both alleles of this gene can result in a more severe form of the disease/phenotype.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele, whereas a variant on both X-chromosome alleles is required to cause the disease in females. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: X-linked recessive.
A variant in this gene can cause the disease in males as they have one X-chromosome allele. A variant on one allele of this gene may also cause the disease in females, though the disease/phenotype may be less severe and may have a later-onset than is seen in males. X-linked inactivation and mosaicism in different tissues complicate whether a female presents with the disease, and can change over their lifetime. This term is the default setting used for X-linked genes, where it is not known definitately whether females require a variant on each allele of this gene in order to be affected. Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: X-linked dominant, x-linked, X-LINKED, X-linked.
The gene is in the mitochondrial genome and variants within this can cause this disease, maternally inherited. Mapped to the following commonly used term from different sources: Mitochondrial.
Mapped to the following commonly used terms from different sources: Unknown, NA, information not provided.
For example, if the mode of inheritance is digenic, please indicate this in the comments and which other gene is involved.