COVID-19 researchGene: ATG16L1
Evidence Summary from Illumina curation team: The ATG16L gene encodes a core autophagy protein which forms a complex with ATG5 and ATG12 that is important for autophagophore elongation (Lavoie et al. 2019). Autophagy plays a key antiviral role in various human infections by modulating different aspects of the immune response (Reviewed Tao et al. 2020; Ahmed et al. 2018). The ATG16L complex is also targeted by some viruses to enhance infection. The Zika virus protease, targets ATG16L, dramatically depleting its levels during Zika virus infection (Hill et al. 2018). Conversely, Hepatitis B virus (HBV), an enveloped pararetrovirus, stimulates autophagy to favor its production. In vitro, RNA interference-mediated silencing of Atg16L1 interfered with viral core/nucleocapsid (NC) formation and stability, strongly diminishing virus replication (Fletcher et al. 2018).
Created: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.347
Comment on list classification: Gene was originally added to panel as Red following initial triage by Illumina curation team (Alison Coffey and Julie Taylor). Updated rating to Amber to match revised Illumina review after literature curation.
Created: 28 May 2020, 2:33 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 2:33 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.342
Identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes, and subsequently triaged/reviewed by Illumina curation team.
Created: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.336
Publications for gene: ATG16L1 were set to
Gene: atg16l1 has been classified as Amber List (Moderate Evidence).
Gene: atg16l1 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).
gene: ATG16L1 was added gene: ATG16L1 was added to COVID-19 research. Sources: Expert Review Red,OMIM,Expert list Mode of inheritance for gene: ATG16L1 was set to Unknown