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COVID-19 research

Gene: IRF1

Green List (high evidence)

IRF1 (interferon regulatory factor 1)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000125347
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000125347
OMIM: 147575, Gene2Phenotype
IRF1 is in 2 panels

2 reviews

Julie Taylor (Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory, Illumina Inc.)

Green List (high evidence)

Evidence Summary from Illumina curation team: IRF1 encodes interferon regulatory factor 1, a member of the family of transcription factors that play a role in regulating both the innate and adaptive immune response. IRF1 is constitutively expressed at a low level but significantly elevated upon IFN-I stimulation, elevated IRF1 further amplifies the IFN response through a positive feedback loop (Lukele et al. 2019, Review). IRF-1 attenuates the replication of several viruses, including hepatitis C virus, West Nile virus (WNV), and EMCV, (Schoggins et al 2011) and IRF1 knock out mice are more susceptible to some viruses, such as EMCV and coxsackievirus B3, than wild type mice (Kimura et al. 1994). Using an IRF1 deficient BEAS2B bronchial epithelial cell line with increased susceptibility to VSV, and multiple strains of influenza viruses, Panda et al. 2019, showed that IRF1 is important for the early expression of types I and III IFNs and ISGs.
Created: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.347


Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

Identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes, and subsequently triaged/reviewed by Illumina curation team.
Created: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.336


Mode of Inheritance
  • Expert Review Green
  • OMIM
  • Expert list
Clinvar variants
Variants in IRF1
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

28 May 2020, Gel status: 3

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

gene: IRF1 was added gene: IRF1 was added to COVID-19 research. Sources: Expert list,OMIM,Expert Review Green Mode of inheritance for gene: IRF1 was set to Unknown