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COVID-19 research

Gene: PARN

Green List (high evidence)

PARN (poly(A)-specific ribonuclease)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000140694
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000140694
OMIM: 604212, Gene2Phenotype
PARN is in 12 panels

5 reviews

Kimberly Gilmour (Great Ormond Street Hopsital)

Green List (high evidence)

agree with green gene
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94

Tracy Briggs (Manchester Genomic Medicine Centre)

Green List (high evidence)

YES- this is covered on our targeted exome
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94

Sophie Hambleton (Newcastle University)

Green List (high evidence)

Sarah Leigh (Genomics England Curator)

Comment on list classification: Associated with relevant phenotypes in OMIM and as confirmed Gen2Phen gene for Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal recessive 6 616353. At least 6 variants reported in 4 unrelated cases of Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal recessive 6 616353 and at least 4 variants found in 4 unrelated cases of Pulmonary fibrosis and/or bone marrow failure, telomere-related, 4 616371.
Created: 9 May 2018, 10:45 a.m.

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

Gene rating submitted by Kimberly Gilmour and Austen Worth on behalf of London North GLH for the GMS Immunology specialist test group. As discussed with the GMS Immunology Specialist Test Group during webex call 28th March 2019 and confirmed in follow up email 6th September the Specialist Test Group all agreed there is enough evidence to rate this gene Green.
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94
Gene rating submitted by Tracy Briggs, David Gokhale and Abigal Rousseau on behalf of North West GLH for the GMS Immunology specialist test group. As discussed with the GMS Immunology Specialist Test Group during webex call 28th March 2019 and confirmed in follow up email on 20th June the Specialist Test Group all agreed there is enough evidence to rate this gene Green.
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94
OriginaI Metadata from IUIS classification table (February, 2018) downloaded 20180614. IUIS Genetic defect (original gene symbol in IUIS download): PARN .PanelApp HGNC gene symbol check: PARN . IUIS Disease: AR-DKC due to PARN deficiency . IUIS Inheritance: AR (AD?) .T cells: N/A, .B cells: Variable, .IUIS Other affected cells: N/A. IUIS Associated features: Intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, nail dystrophy, sparse scalp hair and eyelashes, hyperpigmentation of skin, palmar hyperkeratosis, premalignant oral leukoplakia, pancytopenia, myelodysplasia, +/- recurrent infections. A severe phenotype with developmental delay and cerebellar hypoplasia known as Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome (HHS) may occur in some DKC patients. IUIS Major category: Combined immunodeficiencies with associated or syndromic features. IUIS Subcategory: DyskeratosIs Congenita (DKC), Myelodysplasia, Short Telomeres
Created: 2 Jul 2018, 10:35 a.m.
This gene was absent from the original PanelApp PID panel dataset (review April 2018). However it was listed in external expert immunodeficiency diagnostic gene list(s) GOSH or GRID. In this combined PID panel, this gene has been rated as AMBER and needs further curational review to assess pertinence prior to v1.
Created: 20 Apr 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Original metadata supplied by GRID. GRID Gene Symbol HGNC PanelApp check: PARN, GRID_Gene_Symbol: PARN, GRID_Transcript_ENS_Community submitted: ENST00000437198, GRID_Transcript_RefSeq: NM_002582.3, GRID_Transcript_ENS_used_on_Production: ENST00000437198
Created: 17 Apr 2018, 12:12 p.m.

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
Phenotypes
  • Pulmonary fibrosis and/or bone marrow failure,telomere-related, 4 616371
  • Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal recessive 6 616353
  • Intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, nail dystrophy, sparse scalp hair and eyelashes, hyperpigmentation of skin, palmar hyperkeratosis, premalignant oral leukoplakia, pancytopenia, myelodysplasia, +/- recurrent infections. A severe phenotype with developmental delay and cerebellar hypoplasia known as Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome (HHS) may occur in some DKC patients
  • Combined immunodeficiencies with associated or syndromic features
OMIM
604212
Clinvar variants
Variants in PARN
Penetrance
None
Publications
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

1 Apr 2020, Gel status: 3

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set publications, Set Phenotypes

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

gene: PARN was added gene: PARN was added to Viral susceptibility. Sources: Expert Review Green,Victorian Clinical Genetics Services,North West GLH,GRID V2.0,NHS GMS,London North GLH,IUIS Classification February 2018 Mode of inheritance for gene: PARN was set to BOTH monoallelic and biallelic, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Publications for gene: PARN were set to 25848748; 26342108; 25893599 Phenotypes for gene: PARN were set to Pulmonary fibrosis and/or bone marrow failure,telomere-related, 4 616371; Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal recessive 6 616353; Intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, nail dystrophy, sparse scalp hair and eyelashes, hyperpigmentation of skin, palmar hyperkeratosis, premalignant oral leukoplakia, pancytopenia, myelodysplasia, +/- recurrent infections. A severe phenotype with developmental delay and cerebellar hypoplasia known as Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome (HHS) may occur in some DKC patients; Combined immunodeficiencies with associated or syndromic features