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COVID-19 research

Gene: TAP1

Green List (high evidence)

TAP1 (transporter 1, ATP binding cassette subfamily B member)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000168394
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000168394
OMIM: 170260, Gene2Phenotype
TAP1 is in 3 panels

5 reviews

Kimberly Gilmour (Great Ormond Street Hopsital)

Green List (high evidence)

agree with green gene
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94

Tracy Briggs (Manchester Genomic Medicine Centre)

Green List (high evidence)

YES- this is covered on our targeted exome
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94

Sophie Hambleton (Newcastle University)

Green List (high evidence)

Eleanor Williams (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

Comment on list classification: There are plausable disease-causing mutations in TAP1 more than three unrelated cases so changing this gene from Amber to Green.
Created: 9 May 2018, 11:24 a.m.
TAP1 is associated with Bare lymphocyte syndrome, type I (MIM 604571) in OMIM and Genetics Home Reference. ATP-binding cassette transporter TAP translocates peptides from the cytosol to awaiting major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum. TAP is made up of the TAP1 and TAP2 (170261) polypeptides. Furukawa et al. (1999) (PMID: 10074494) identified homozygosity for a splice site mutation in intron 1 of the TAP1 gene in a Japanese woman with type I bare lymphocyte syndrome (patient originally reported in Maeda et al. (1985) (PMID: 3891604). de la Salle (1999) (PMID: 10074495) report an analysis of cell lines derived from the Japanese patient (patient2) reported in Furukawa et al (1999) and another patient (patient 1) originally reported in Plebani A, et al (1996) (PMID: 8912593). Patient 1 presented with low expression of HLA class I molecules on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and no expression of CD 1 a molecules on lesional skin and a Marfan-like phenotype. A deletion of one cytosine in exon 2, at nucleotide 819 of the coding sequence was found in the cells from patient1. Functional studies showed cells from both patients had low expression of HLA class I molecules. Moins-Teisserenc et al (1999) (PMID: 10560675) report 3 patients with TAP-1 mutations and a severe decrease in cell-surface expression of HLA class-I molecule but the genes were not sequenced. Caversaccio etl 2008 (PMID: 18283480) report two siblings from Italy with chronic rhinosinusitis and conductive hearing loss and a variant in the TAP1 gene leading to a premature stop codon (parents from same region as the patient reported by Plebani et al, variant the same). Villa-Forte et al 2008 (PMID:18668571) report a 20 year old patient with multiple skin ulcers on her legs, severe pansinusitis, and chronic lung disease found to have a TAP1 mutation generating a premature stop codon. Hanalioglu et al 2017 (PMID: 28161407 ) report 2 siblings with MHC class I deficiency and a homozygous insertion of a cytosine nucleotide in exon 10 to TAP1 which results in a premature stop codon. This publication includes a table showing cases of TAP1 variants found to date. There are plausable disease-causing mutations in TAP1 more than three unrelated cases so rating this gene green.
Created: 9 May 2018, 11:20 a.m.
Comment on phenotypes: Added MIM number to first phenotype
Created: 8 May 2018, 3:49 p.m.

Mode of inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal

Phenotypes
HLA CLASS I DEFICIENCY

Louise Daugherty (Genomics England Curator)

Green List (high evidence)

Gene rating submitted by Kimberly Gilmour and Austen Worth on behalf of London North GLH for the GMS Immunology specialist test group. As discussed with the GMS Immunology Specialist Test Group during webex call 28th March 2019 and confirmed in follow up email 6th September the Specialist Test Group all agreed there is enough evidence to rate this gene Green.
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94
Gene rating submitted by Tracy Briggs, David Gokhale and Abigal Rousseau on behalf of North West GLH for the GMS Immunology specialist test group. As discussed with the GMS Immunology Specialist Test Group during webex call 28th March 2019 and confirmed in follow up email on 20th June the Specialist Test Group all agreed there is enough evidence to rate this gene Green.
Created: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m. | Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019, 3:18 p.m.
Panel Version: 1.94
OriginaI Metadata from IUIS classification table (February, 2018) downloaded 20180614. IUIS Genetic defect (original gene symbol in IUIS download): TAP1 .PanelApp HGNC gene symbol check: TAP1 . IUIS Disease: MHC class I deficiency . IUIS Inheritance: AR .T cells: N/A, .B cells: Normal, .IUIS Other affected cells: N/A. IUIS Associated features: Vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum. IUIS Major category: Immunodeficiencies affecting cellular and humoral immunity. IUIS Subcategory: Combined Immunodeficiencies Generally Less Profound than Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
Created: 2 Jul 2018, 10:35 a.m.
This gene was absent from the original PanelApp PID panel dataset (review April 2018). However it was listed in external expert immunodeficiency diagnostic gene list(s)
GOSH or GRID. In this combined PID panel, this gene has been rated as AMBER and needs further curational review to assess pertinence prior to v1.
Created: 19 Apr 2018, 1:56 p.m.
Original metadata downloaded from ESID Registry. ESID_Gene_original: TAP1, PanelApp HGNC gene symbol check: TAP1, ESID classification: Main_category/ Sub_category/ PID_Diagnosis Combined immunodeficiencies / HLA class I deficiency / HLA class I deficiency
Created: 17 Apr 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Original metadata supplied by GRID. GRID Gene Symbol HGNC PanelApp check: TAP1, GRID_Gene_Symbol: TAP1, GRID_Transcript_ENS_Community submitted: ENST00000354258, GRID_Transcript_RefSeq: NM_000593.5, GRID_Transcript_ENS_used_on_Production: ENST00000354258
Created: 17 Apr 2018, 12:12 p.m.

Details

Mode of Inheritance
BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal
Sources
Phenotypes
  • HLA class I deficiency
  • Immunodeficiencies affecting cellular and humoral immunity
  • Vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum
  • Bare lymphocyte syndrome, type I 604571
OMIM
170260
Clinvar variants
Variants in TAP1
Penetrance
None
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

1 Apr 2020, Gel status: 3

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance, Set Phenotypes

Ellen McDonagh (Genomics England Curator)

gene: TAP1 was added gene: TAP1 was added to Viral susceptibility. Sources: Expert Review Green,ESID Registry 20171117,North West GLH,Victorian Clinical Genetics Services,GRID V2.0,NHS GMS,GOSH PID v.8.0,London North GLH,IUIS Classification February 2018 Mode of inheritance for gene: TAP1 was set to BIALLELIC, autosomal or pseudoautosomal Phenotypes for gene: TAP1 were set to HLA class I deficiency; Immunodeficiencies affecting cellular and humoral immunity; Vasculitis, pyoderma gangrenosum; Bare lymphocyte syndrome, type I 604571