COVID-19 researchGene: IFNE
Evidence Summary from Illumina curation team (Alison Coffey and Julie Taylor): IFNE encodes IFNε, a type I interferon which is constitutively expressed within the epithelial cells of the female reproductive tract (FRT) and plays a role in protection against viral and bacterial infections of the FRT (Marks et al. 2019 review). Ifnε-deficient mice have increased susceptibility to infection of the FRT by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)-2 as well as bacterial Chlamydia muridarum(Fung et al. 2013). Ifnε activity has also been shown to reduce the infectivity of HIV through the induction of HIV restriction factors which act to inhibit different stages of the virus replication cycle (Garcia-Minambres et al. 2017; Stifter et al. 2018).
PMID: 31734130: Marks et al (2019) Review - IFNE encodes IFNε, a type I interferon which is constitutively expressed within the epithelial cells of the female reproductive tract. Ifnε expression fluctuates during pregnancy and across stages of the reproductive cycle in humans and mice. Unlike other type I interferons IFNε is not regulated by PRR pathways.
PMID: 23449591; Fung et al. 2013 - Ifnε-deficient mice had increased susceptibility to infection of the FRT by common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)-2 (fig 3) as measured by clinical scores of disease day 6 post infection. The Ifnε-deficient mice also showed high viral titres in the spinal cord and brain stem 7 days post infection, consistent with increase replication of the virus and/or retrograde transport of the virus. A similar susceptibility to infection by the bacterial Chlamydia muridarum was also observed (Fig 4).
PMID: 28045025 Garcia-Minambres et al. (2017) - Ifnε activity was shown to impair HIV infection through induction of HIV restriction factors which act to inhibit different stages of the viral replication cycle.
PMID: 29187603 Stifter et al. (2018) - Using different cell lines and reporter assays to measure interferon type I stimulation, the authors showed that recombinant murine Ifnε inhibited HIV infection in the sup-T1 cell line and in primary peripheral blood lymphocytes and furthermore induced a number of HIV restriction factors.
Created: 28 May 2020, 3:19 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.348
Identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes, and subsequently triaged/reviewed by Illumina curation team.
Created: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.336
gene: IFNE was added gene: IFNE was added to COVID-19 research. Sources: Expert list,OMIM,Expert Review Green Mode of inheritance for gene: IFNE was set to Unknown