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COVID-19 research


Amber List (moderate evidence)

CXADR (CXADR, Ig-like cell adhesion molecule)
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh38): ENSG00000154639
EnsemblGeneIds (GRCh37): ENSG00000154639
OMIM: 602621, Gene2Phenotype
CXADR is in 1 panel

2 reviews

Alison Coffey (Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory, Illumina Inc.)

I don't know

Evidence Summary from Illumina curation team: The coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CXADR or CAR), also known as CAR-like membrane protein (CLMP), was first identified as a high affinity receptor for adenovirus serotypes 2 and 5 and coxsackie viruses group B. CXADR is developmentally regulated and plays an important role in cardiac development. The protein is a transmembrane receptor and plays a key role in controlling adhesion between adjacent epithelial cells. It is also implicated in controlling both recruitment of immune cells and in tumorigenesis (Zapater et al. 2017). Vehik et al. (2018) concluded that a SNP within the CXADR region is associated with islet autoimmunity. In response to exogenous TNF?, CAR promotes transmigration of leukocytes both in vitro and in vivo. suggesting that CAR may be an important receptor in the control of inflammation. As neutrophils and T cells play a role in host immunity, these data suggest that CAR may be ideally positioned to modulate the immune response from the epithelial or endothelial cell compartments. (Morton et al 2016). CAR expression and infectivity with adenovirus (Ad) are increased in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (Sharma et al. 2017).
Created: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.347


Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

Identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes, and subsequently triaged/reviewed by Illumina curation team.
Created: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m. | Last Modified: 28 May 2020, 12:36 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.336


Mode of Inheritance
  • Expert Review Amber
  • OMIM
  • Expert list
Clinvar variants
Variants in CXADR
Panels with this gene

History Filter Activity

28 May 2020, Gel status: 2

Created, Added New Source, Set mode of inheritance

Rebecca Foulger (Genomics England curator)

gene: CXADR was added gene: CXADR was added to COVID-19 research. Sources: Expert list,OMIM,Expert Review Amber Mode of inheritance for gene: CXADR was set to Unknown