COVID-19 researchGene: HLA-DQB1
HLA-DQB1 was identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes. Initial triage by Illumina (Alison Coffey and team) was given a Tier 3 grouping (experimental evidence and association data consistent with viral susceptibility). Illumina review: HLA-DQB1 alleles may have a role in influencing viral infection and pathogenesis: PMID:10609818: Thirsz et al. (1999) - The distribution of MHC class II alleles was compared between patients with self-limiting infection (n=85) and matched patients with persistent infection (n=170); between patients with mild (n=321) and severe (n=321) histological injury; and between patients who responded to interferon (n=96) and those who did not (n=192). The results of these comparisons were confirmed with a second-stage study of self-limiting infection (n=52) versus persistent infection (n=152). Self-limiting HCV infection was associated with HLA-DRB1*1101 (odds ratio 2.14 [95% CI 1.11-4.12]; p=0.013) and HLA-DQB1*0301 (2.22 [1.24-3.96], p=0.004). Persistent HCV infection was associated with HLA-DRB1*0701 (2.04 [1.03-4.17], p=0.027), and HLA-DRB4*0101 (2.38 [1.29-4.35], p=0.002). These results were confirmed in the second-stage study. No significant associations were found between MHC class II alleles and severe histological injury or response to interferon therapy. PMID:30563535 - Ou et al. (2019) - found that HLA-DQB1*06:03 protected against HBV infection. Levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 were significantly elevated in HBV cases with HLA-DQB1*06:05 (vs. HLA-DQB1*05:03), and the HBV group had higher DQB1 mRNA expression than the healthy control group with HLA-DQB1*05:03 and HLA-DQB1*06:02. The meta-analysis revealed that HLA-DQB1*04:01, HLA-DQB1*05:02, HLA-DQB1*05:03, and HLA-DQB1*06:01 were risk factors for HBV infection susceptibility, while HLA-DQB1*05:01, HLA-DQB1*06:03, and HLA-DQB1*06:04 protected against HBV infection. Spontaneous HBV clearance was associated withHLA-DQB1*06:04, while chronic HBV infection was associated with HLA-DQB1*02:01 and HLA-DQB105:02. DBQ1 typing can be used to identify patients who have elevated risks of HBV infection. PMID 31254396: Huang et al. (2019) - Recently reported a high prevalence and spontaneous clearance rate of HCV in a cohort of Chinese Li ethnicity who were infected with new variants of HCV genotype 6. In this study found that the distribution of HLA class I and class II alleles in HCV infected individuals of Chinese Li ethnicity (n = 143) was distinct from that of Chinese Han ethnicity. HLA-DRB1*11:01 and DQB1*03:01 were more prevalent in Chinese Li subjects who cleared HCV spontaneously than those who were chronically infected (P = .036 and P = .024, respectively), which were consistent with the previous report regarding the Chinese Han population. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that DQB1*03:01 (odds ratio = 3.899, P = .017), but not DRB1*11:01, associated with HCV spontaneous clearance, independent of age, sex, and IFNL3 genotype. Because DQB1*03:01 and DRB1*11:01 were tightly linked because of linkage disequilibrium, results clearly supported the associations of these two alleles with HCV spontaneous clearance in Chinese Li as well as Han ethnicity. PMID:23710940 - Chaaithanya et al. (2013) - study investigated the association of polymorphisms in the human leucocyte antigen class II genes with susceptibility or protection against CHIKV. Lower frequency of HLA-DQB1*03:03 was observed in CHIKV patients compared with the control population. Significantly lower frequency of glutamic acid at position 86 of peptide-binding pocket 1 coding HLA-DQB1 genotypes was observed in CHIKV patients compared with healthy controls. HLA-DQB1 alleles and critical amino acid differences in the peptide-binding pockets of HLA-DQB1 alleles might have role in influencing infection and pathogenesis of CHIKV.
Created: 11 Jun 2020, 6:10 p.m. | Last Modified: 12 Jun 2020, 10:29 a.m.
Panel Version: 1.27
Significantly lower frequencies of the HLA-DQB1*03:03 allele and of glu86 in peptide-binding pocket-1 of HLA-DQB1 in Chikungunya virus patients compared with controls, thererfore, HLA-DQB1 alleles may have a role in influencing infection and pathogenesis (PMID 23710940). Persistent hepatitis C virus infection was associated with HLA-DRB1*0701 (odds ratio 2.04) and HLA-DRB4*0101 (odds ratio 2.38). Self-limiting hepatitis C virus infection was associated with HLA-DRB1*1101 (odds ratio 2.14)and HLA-DQB1*0301 (odds ratio 2.22)(PMID 10609818). HLA-DQB1*0201 allele associated with Kleine-Levin syndrome 148840 precipitated by viral infections (PMID 12473762).
Created: 4 May 2020, 3:17 p.m. | Last Modified: 4 May 2020, 3:17 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.176
Publications for gene: HLA-DQB1 were set to
gene: HLA-DQB1 was added gene: HLA-DQB1 was added to Viral susceptibility. Sources: OMIM Mode of inheritance for gene: HLA-DQB1 was set to