COVID-19 researchGene: CCL11
CCL11 was identified through an OMIM search for potential viral susceptibility genes. Initial triage by Illumina (Alison Coffey and team) was given a Tier 3 grouping (experimental evidence and association data consistent with viral susceptibility). Illumina review: CCL11 is a cytokine released in response to viral infections. No evidence found of SNPs in association with SARS-CoV-2 infection. From OMIM: PMID: 14571188: Modi et al. (2003) identified 3 SNPs that formed a 31-kb haplotype (H7) spanning the CCL2-CCL7-CCL11 gene cluster on chromosome 17q. The SNPs and the H7 haplotype were significantly associated with protection from HIV-1 infection. PMID:30915442: Hoffman et al. (2019) - West Nile virus infection outcome vary among individuals with most infections resulting in asymptomatic or mild-flu like symptoms. WNV-infected females reported more symptoms than males. Males were shown to exibit a protracted cytokine response including CCL11 (and CCL2, CXCL10 and IL-15) that was absent in females. PMID:32416070: Blanco-Melo et al. (2020) - look at the transcriptional response to SARS-CoV-2 compared to other respiratory viruses. Cell and animal models of SARS-CoV-2 infection, in addition to transcriptional and serum profiling of COVID-19 patients, consistently revealed a unique and inappropriate inflammatory response. This response is defined by low levels of type I and III interferons juxtaposed to elevated chemokines and high expression of IL-6. SARS-CoV-2 shown to induce robust levels of chemokines including CCL2, CCl8 and CCL11 (Figure 4A).
Created: 11 Jun 2020, 6:10 p.m. | Last Modified: 12 Jun 2020, 9:58 a.m.
Panel Version: 1.12
Comment on list classification: A cytokine (inflammatory biomarker), that is released in response to viral infections. Increased levels of CCL11 amongst other cytokines, is associated with immunity to West Nile virus (PMID 30915442). A haplotype that included c.-1385G>A was associated with resistance to HIV-1 infection (PMID 14571188).
Created: 23 Apr 2020, 5:56 p.m. | Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Panel Version: 0.155
Publications for gene: CCL11 were set to 14571188; 30915442
Publications for gene: CCL11 were set to
Gene: ccl11 has been classified as Red List (Low Evidence).
gene: CCL11 was added gene: CCL11 was added to Viral susceptibility. Sources: OMIM Mode of inheritance for gene: CCL11 was set to